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Music vocab- Dynamic Marks and Music Symbols

Pianississimo

(ppp) very, very soft

Pianissimo

(pp) Very soft

Piano

(p) Soft

Mezzo piano

(mp) moderately soft

Mezzo forte

(mf) moderately loud

Forte

(f) loud

Fortissimo

(ff) very loud

Fortississimo

(fff) very, very loud

Crescendo

(cresc) gradually louder

Decrescendo

(descresc) gradually softer

Diminuendo

(dim) gradually softer

bb

double flat

x

double sharp

Marcato

(^) accented, stressed

accent

(>) Play the note a little louder

Staccato

(.) play the note shortly

Staccatissimo

(Triangle symbol) Play the note as short as possible

Tenuto

(-) hold the note for its full value

Mezzo Staccato

(-. dot under line) play the note short, but not as short as staccato

Breath Mark

,

Caesura (pause)

//

Monophonic

A single melodic line wo/o any accompaniment (solo)

Homophonic

One melodic part supported by a chordal accompaniment

Polyphonic

2 or more melodic lines played simultaneousy

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