Harmon's Exploration Study Guide

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Moluccas

An island chain once called the Spice Islands.

Osei Tutu

He united his people by claiming that they shared spiritual bonds.

Dutch East India Company

It was formed by a group of wealthy merchants, and had full sovereign powers.

Ferdinand Magellan

Who led the expedition that became the first to circumnavigate the Earth?

Mombasa

What coastal city of East Africa was an important trade center?

Prince Henry

Who led the way in sponsoring exploration for Portugal?

Affonso I

What ruler of Kongo tried to halt the slave trade in his lands?

Cape of Good Hope

The southern tip of Africa became known as the ________________ because rounding it gave sailors a direct route to Asia.

Portugal

The voyage to Calicut by Vasco da Gama soon led to the creation of a vast trading empire for what country?

Spain and Portugal

The Line of Demarcation divided world trade and exploration rights between what two countries?

spices

In the 1400s, Europeans searched for new trade routes to obtain valuable ____ that came mainly from the Moluccas.

Boers

Dutch farmers who settled around Cape Town were known as ____.

Dutch

The first Europeans to challenge Portuguese domination of Asian trade were the ______.

Philippines

Large quantities of American silver flowed into the economies of East Asia through what important Spanish trading center?

welcoming

When the first Europeans arrived in the 1500s, the Japanese responded by _____ trade with the West.

Manchus

After the Japanese, and later the _____, invaded Korea, the Koreans responded by excluding foreigners frm their nation.

Sepoys

British and French armies fought for power in India with the help of Indian troops known as ____.

Bartholomeu Dias.

Portuguese explorer ______ sought a trade route to Asia in 1460, by rounding the southern tip of Africa

Portuguese

In the mid-1600s, the Netherlands captured Malacca from the _____ and developed a monopoly on trade in the Spice Islands.

West Indies

The islands that Christopher Columbus explored in his voyage in 1492, later became known as what?

Afonso de Albuquerqe

In the early 1500s, _________ burned coastal towns and destroyed Arab fleets, in order to establish Portuguese outposts in India.

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

In 1513, Spanish adventurer ______ reached the Pacific Ocean by traveling overland through Panama.

Cape Town

The settlement of _____ was significant because it was the first permanent European settlement in Africa.

African

Europeans usually acquired African captives from ____ traders.

alliances

To conquer the Aztec empire, Hernan Cortes formed _______ with conquered people who hated the Aztecs

Middle Passage

The trade route that transported African slaves to the Americas was the _____________.

privateers

Pirates who operated with the approval of European governments were _______________.

Moctezuma

The Aztec emperor

Jacques Cartier

Who claimed much of present-day eastern Canada for France?

Hernan Cortes

What explorer fought and subdued the Aztecs?

entrepreneurs

People who take financial risk to make profits are __________.

mercantilism

An economic policy based on a nation exporting more goods than it imports.

viceroys

Those who ruled Spain's colonies in the name of the Spanish monarchs were the _____________.

encomienda

A system used to force Native Americans to labor under brutal conditions.

Taino

When he encountered the ____ people in the West Indies, Christopher Columbus claimed their land for the Spanish king.

Francisco Pizarro

The conquistador who added the lands of the present-day countries of Peru, Ecuador, and Chile to the Spanish empire was _____.

tariffs

In order to protect local industries from foreign competition, ____ increased the price of imported goods.

Peninsulares

At the top of Spanish colonial society were the _____.

gold, silver

Widespread inflation struck Europe in the mid-1500s due to the increasing amounts of ____ from the Americas.

Brazil

Through the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, Portugal claimed its empire of ___________.

Triangular Trade Route

The first leg of the _______ brought European goods to Africa.

harsh winters

What kept many French from settling in New France?

Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland

What three English colonies were mainly set up as havens for persecuted religious groups?

capitalism

The economic system of ______ encourages private ownership of most businesses.

gods

When the Aztec emperor first heard about the arrival of Spanish explorers, he sent them gifts because he thought they might have been __________.

New Laws of the Indies

The ______________ in 1542 forbade enslavement and abuse of Native Americans.

Council of the Indies

The Spanish king maintained strict control over his empire through the _____ in Spain.

wheat and grapes

Name two products that were brought to the Americas from Europe.

creoles

American (native) born descendants of Spanish settlers.

Canada

As a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Britain gained ____ and all the French lands east of the Mississippi.

strict

Spain established ____ trading laws for its colonies.

Mayflower

The _____ Compact set out guidelines for governing Plymouth.

price revolution

The period in European history in the late 1500s when rising inflation rose rapidly is known as the ___________.

capital

Joint stock companies allowed early European capitalists to raise large amounts of _______.

Atahualpa

In their effort to gain control of the Inca, the Spanish captured the Inca ruler ___________.

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