Dutch East India Company
It was formed by a group of wealthy merchants, and had full sovereign powers.
Cape of Good Hope
The southern tip of Africa became known as the ________________ because rounding it gave sailors a direct route to Asia.
The voyage to Calicut by Vasco da Gama soon led to the creation of a vast trading empire for what country?
Spain and Portugal
The Line of Demarcation divided world trade and exploration rights between what two countries?
In the 1400s, Europeans searched for new trade routes to obtain valuable ____ that came mainly from the Moluccas.
Large quantities of American silver flowed into the economies of East Asia through what important Spanish trading center?
When the first Europeans arrived in the 1500s, the Japanese responded by _____ trade with the West.
After the Japanese, and later the _____, invaded Korea, the Koreans responded by excluding foreigners frm their nation.
British and French armies fought for power in India with the help of Indian troops known as ____.
Portuguese explorer ______ sought a trade route to Asia in 1460, by rounding the southern tip of Africa
In the mid-1600s, the Netherlands captured Malacca from the _____ and developed a monopoly on trade in the Spice Islands.
The islands that Christopher Columbus explored in his voyage in 1492, later became known as what?
Afonso de Albuquerqe
In the early 1500s, _________ burned coastal towns and destroyed Arab fleets, in order to establish Portuguese outposts in India.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
In 1513, Spanish adventurer ______ reached the Pacific Ocean by traveling overland through Panama.
The settlement of _____ was significant because it was the first permanent European settlement in Africa.
To conquer the Aztec empire, Hernan Cortes formed _______ with conquered people who hated the Aztecs
The trade route that transported African slaves to the Americas was the _____________.
Those who ruled Spain's colonies in the name of the Spanish monarchs were the _____________.
When he encountered the ____ people in the West Indies, Christopher Columbus claimed their land for the Spanish king.
The conquistador who added the lands of the present-day countries of Peru, Ecuador, and Chile to the Spanish empire was _____.
In order to protect local industries from foreign competition, ____ increased the price of imported goods.
Widespread inflation struck Europe in the mid-1500s due to the increasing amounts of ____ from the Americas.
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland
What three English colonies were mainly set up as havens for persecuted religious groups?
When the Aztec emperor first heard about the arrival of Spanish explorers, he sent them gifts because he thought they might have been __________.
New Laws of the Indies
The ______________ in 1542 forbade enslavement and abuse of Native Americans.
Council of the Indies
The Spanish king maintained strict control over his empire through the _____ in Spain.
As a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Britain gained ____ and all the French lands east of the Mississippi.
The period in European history in the late 1500s when rising inflation rose rapidly is known as the ___________.