Ch.12 Congress

Created by acontreras99 

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19 terms

incumbent

those already holding office

casework

activities of member of congress that help constituents as individuals

pork barrel

the mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts, available to cities, businesses, colleges, and institutions available in congressional district

bicameral legislature

a legislature divided into two houses

House Rules Committee

an institution unique to the house of representatives that reviews all bills coming from a house committee before they go to the full house

filibuster

strategy unique to the senate whereby opponents of a piece of legislation try to talk it to death, base on the tradition of unlimited debate

Speaker of House

the speaker is chosen by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed to the presidency should that office become vacant

majority leader

party's manager in the senate. the majority leader is responsible for scheduling bills, influencing committee assignments and rounding up votes in behalf of the party's legislative position

Whips

party leaders who work with the majority and minority leader to count votes ahead of time and lean on wavers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party

minority leader

the principal leader of the minority party in the House of Representatives or in the Senate

Standing Committees

separate subject matter committees in each house of congress that handle bills in different policy areas

joint committee

congressional committees on a few subject matter areas with member ship drawn from both houses

conference committees

committee formed when senate and house pass a particular bill in different forms.

select committees

committee appointed for a specific purpose,such as the Watergate investigation

Legislative oversight

congresses monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration of policy performed mainly through hearings

committee chairs

they play dominate roles in scheduling hearings hiring staff appointing subcommittee bills when they are brought before the full house

seniority system

a simple rule for picking committee chairs in effect until the 1970s . the member who had served on the committee the longest and whose party controlled congress became chair regardless of party loyalty mental state or competence

caucus (congressional)

a group of members of congress sharing some interest or characteristic

bill

a proposed law,drafted in precise, legal language. anyone can form a bill but only a member of the house or senate can formally submit it

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