5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Counter-Reformation (see council of trent)
- Social Gospel
- Anointing of the Sick (last rites)
- a (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- b was called Extreme Unction. This ritual, sometimes called "anointing of the sick," is the seventh sacrament in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Originally used for all who were ill it has become a ritual enabling a person to pass from this life into the next.
- c is associated with Walter Rauschenbusch, and was a movement arguing that Christianity, following the model of Jesus, must combine religion and social justice.
- d From being a fast of two or three days, this observance, in preparation for Good Friday, became, in the fourth century, a season of fasting in imitation of Jesus' fast in the desert. Today often substituted by giving up TV, sweets, or Facebook.
- e Council of Trent1545-1563) began the Counter-Reformation and structured the reaction of the Catholic Church to the Reformation. It addressed a wide range of issues raised by the Reformers such as clerical discipline and formulated theological positions, affirming the authority of institutional tradition. Introduced liturgical changes.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
- see Pesach Passover" celebrates the exodus from Egypt. Celebrated with an elaborate ritualized meal, the Seder and by reading a haggada, a home manual recounting the interpretation of this history.
- booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
- began in Poland in the late sixteenth century but became most successful in England and the United States and asserts the unity of a single God while denying the Trinity.
- (literally: thanksgiving) denotes the central Christian ritual. Catholics believe in a literal presence of Christ in the taking of bread and wine while other churches have a more abstract understanding. Connects the believer with her community.
5 True/False Questions
Sola Scriptura → from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
Monotheism → refers to belief in a single deity.
Synoptic Gospels → refers to the three Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke that share several common features and differ from the Gospel of John.
Gnosticism → An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
Paul of Tarsus → This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.