5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 613 commandments
- a From being a fast of two or three days, this observance, in preparation for Good Friday, became, in the fourth century, a season of fasting in imitation of Jesus' fast in the desert. Today often substituted by giving up TV, sweets, or Facebook.
- b An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
- c (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- d from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
- e Jewish law construes the Torah as prescribing 248 positive (visiting the sick, hospitality etc.) and 365 negative commandments, imagined as corresponding to the limbs of the human body.
5 Multiple choice questions
- refers to belief in a single deity.
- This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
- booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
- was a major 16th c. Reformer who pointed out abuses within the church. He came to reject a number of practices (indulgences, pilgrimage, clerical abuses of power, celibacy) and theological issues. He stressed the idea of justification by faith alone.
- refers to the period before Christmas. Used to be a fast period.
5 True/False questions
Passover → (Hebr.) "anointed." Judaism: a consecrated person with a special mission from God. Came to signify the kings of the Davidic dynasty and especially a future son of David who will restore the glories of a former golden age and inaugurate the ingathering of Israel. Refers broadly to beliefs or theories regarding an ultimate improvement of the state of humanity and the world, or a final consummation of history. Christianity: Jesus (note: Jews do NOT believe the Jesus is the Messiah).
Our Father → This prayer, attributed to Jesus in Matthew, quickly became the central Christian prayer and is shared by all Christian communities.
Unitarianism → An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
Confession → Christianity: As a sacrament this refers to the receiving of the gift of the Spirit. Among the Orthodox it usually occurs at the same time as baptism; in Roman Catholicism it takes place when a child reaches what is considered "the age of reason." Judaism: A rite of passage at about age 16, after Bar/Bat Mitzvah, mostly in Reform Judaism.
Sola Scriptura → Latin for "Scripture Alone was used by John Wycliffe and Martin Luther to reject tradition as the basis of faith. This idea later (under the Pietists) came to suggest that the laity could interpret scripture on their own.