5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Gospel of Thomas
- Martin Luther
- Synoptic Gospels
- Counter-Reformation (see council of trent)
- Francis of Assisi
- a was a major 16th c. Reformer who pointed out abuses within the church. He came to reject a number of practices (indulgences, pilgrimage, clerical abuses of power, celibacy) and theological issues. He stressed the idea of justification by faith alone.
- b refers to the three Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke that share several common features and differ from the Gospel of John.
- c was the 12th/13th c. founder of an order of mendicant friars, the Franciscans, that emphasized radical poverty and serving the poor and disenfranchised. Credited with Oh Lord, make me an instrument of Your will and the song to the sun.
- d Council of Trent1545-1563) began the Counter-Reformation and structured the reaction of the Catholic Church to the Reformation. It addressed a wide range of issues raised by the Reformers such as clerical discipline and formulated theological positions, affirming the authority of institutional tradition. Introduced liturgical changes.
- e This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Latin for "Scripture Alone was used by John Wycliffe and Martin Luther to reject tradition as the basis of faith. This idea later (under the Pietists) came to suggest that the laity could interpret scripture on their own.
- developed in Roman Catholicism as a way of enabling Christians to gain forgiveness for their sins. Required knowledge of sins, repentance, and the confession of every individual sin as well as the acceptance of a penance designed to bring forgiveness for it.
- (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- are waves of enthusiastic and intense religious feelings that swept entire regions and countries. It often combines a vivid description of reward and punishment with a call for repentance. There were 4 great Awakenenings in the US, each of which gave rise to new religious movements, practices, and beliefs. Some think that we live in the aftermath of a 60s/70s Awakening.
- Jewish law construes the Torah as prescribing 248 positive (visiting the sick, hospitality etc.) and 365 negative commandments, imagined as corresponding to the limbs of the human body.
5 True/False questions
Gospel of Mary → This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
Sukkot → booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
Social Gospel → is associated with Walter Rauschenbusch, and was a movement arguing that Christianity, following the model of Jesus, must combine religion and social justice.
Second Vatican Council → (1962-1965) was called out to renew the Catholic Church. It established many new standards in practice and theology, noticeably a return to the medieval liturgy, the use of the vernacular in worship, as well as the relationship between Catholics and non-Christians.
Advent → refers to the period before Christmas. Used to be a fast period.