5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Social Gospel
- Francis of Assisi
- Gospel of Mary
- a The oldest surviving Gospel text. This text, preserved only in fragments and not part of the Canon, reflects a Christianity that is similar to that of the NT (traces of John perhaps), reflecting questions discussed there such as womens leadership. Establishes spiritual maturity as a criterion for leadership.
- b from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
- c was the 12th/13th c. founder of an order of mendicant friars, the Franciscans, that emphasized radical poverty and serving the poor and disenfranchised. Credited with Oh Lord, make me an instrument of Your will and the song to the sun.
- d is associated with Walter Rauschenbusch, and was a movement arguing that Christianity, following the model of Jesus, must combine religion and social justice.
- e (Seventy, often abbreviated with LXX) is a Greek translation of the Bible, used by Jews and later also Christians for centuries. Since some copies of the Septuagint are older than the Hebrew texts, these texts often preserve early readings of the Biblical text.
5 Multiple choice questions
- This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
- Christianity: As a sacrament this refers to the receiving of the gift of the Spirit. Among the Orthodox it usually occurs at the same time as baptism; in Roman Catholicism it takes place when a child reaches what is considered "the age of reason." Judaism: A rite of passage at about age 16, after Bar/Bat Mitzvah, mostly in Reform Judaism.
- refers to belief in a single deity.
- began in Poland in the late sixteenth century but became most successful in England and the United States and asserts the unity of a single God while denying the Trinity.
- developed in Roman Catholicism as a way of enabling Christians to gain forgiveness for their sins. Required knowledge of sins, repentance, and the confession of every individual sin as well as the acceptance of a penance designed to bring forgiveness for it.
5 True/False questions
Second Vatican Council → (1962-1965) was called out to renew the Catholic Church. It established many new standards in practice and theology, noticeably a return to the medieval liturgy, the use of the vernacular in worship, as well as the relationship between Catholics and non-Christians.
Purgatory → denotes an idea of purgation, or cleansing, in the afterlife, a kind of in-between period after death in which the soul receive punishment.
Revivalism → are waves of enthusiastic and intense religious feelings that swept entire regions and countries. It often combines a vivid description of reward and punishment with a call for repentance. There were 4 great Awakenenings in the US, each of which gave rise to new religious movements, practices, and beliefs. Some think that we live in the aftermath of a 60s/70s Awakening.
Martin Luther → was a major 16th c. Reformer who pointed out abuses within the church. He came to reject a number of practices (indulgences, pilgrimage, clerical abuses of power, celibacy) and theological issues. He stressed the idea of justification by faith alone.
Passover → see Pesach Passover" celebrates the exodus from Egypt. Celebrated with an elaborate ritualized meal, the Seder and by reading a haggada, a home manual recounting the interpretation of this history.