Study Guide: Christianity
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Synoptic Gospels
- Second Vatican Council
- 613 commandments
- a Jewish law construes the Torah as prescribing 248 positive (visiting the sick, hospitality etc.) and 365 negative commandments, imagined as corresponding to the limbs of the human body.
- b (1962-1965) was called out to renew the Catholic Church. It established many new standards in practice and theology, noticeably a return to the medieval liturgy, the use of the vernacular in worship, as well as the relationship between Catholics and non-Christians.
- c Christianity: As a sacrament this refers to the receiving of the gift of the Spirit. Among the Orthodox it usually occurs at the same time as baptism; in Roman Catholicism it takes place when a child reaches what is considered "the age of reason." Judaism: A rite of passage at about age 16, after Bar/Bat Mitzvah, mostly in Reform Judaism.
- d refers to the three Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke that share several common features and differ from the Gospel of John.
- e An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- was called Extreme Unction. This ritual, sometimes called "anointing of the sick," is the seventh sacrament in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Originally used for all who were ill it has become a ritual enabling a person to pass from this life into the next.
- was a major 16th c. Reformer who pointed out abuses within the church. He came to reject a number of practices (indulgences, pilgrimage, clerical abuses of power, celibacy) and theological issues. He stressed the idea of justification by faith alone.
- This prayer, attributed to Jesus in Matthew, quickly became the central Christian prayer and is shared by all Christian communities.
- From being a fast of two or three days, this observance, in preparation for Good Friday, became, in the fourth century, a season of fasting in imitation of Jesus' fast in the desert. Today often substituted by giving up TV, sweets, or Facebook.
- was the 12th/13th c. founder of an order of mendicant friars, the Franciscans, that emphasized radical poverty and serving the poor and disenfranchised. Credited with Oh Lord, make me an instrument of Your will and the song to the sun.
5 True/False Questions
Gospel of Thomas → This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
Purgatory → denotes an idea of purgation, or cleansing, in the afterlife, a kind of in-between period after death in which the soul receive punishment.
Counter-Reformation (see council of trent) → Council of Trent1545-1563) began the Counter-Reformation and structured the reaction of the Catholic Church to the Reformation. It addressed a wide range of issues raised by the Reformers such as clerical discipline and formulated theological positions, affirming the authority of institutional tradition. Introduced liturgical changes.
Paul of Tarsus → This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
Passover → see Pesach Passover" celebrates the exodus from Egypt. Celebrated with an elaborate ritualized meal, the Seder and by reading a haggada, a home manual recounting the interpretation of this history.