6th Grade Science - Mitosis

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Mitosis & Cell Division

Mitosis

cells that are in the process of dividing

interphase

cells that are not dividing

DNA

carries the genetic information of a cell

cell division

cells reproduce by splitting in half

What are the 4 phases of mitosis?

prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telephase

cytokinesis

phase when DNA is duplicated

anaphase

phase when chromatids pull apart

prophase

phase when centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell stretching fibers across the cell

telephase

phase when a new nuclear membrane develops

metaphase

phase when a cell has a single line of chromosomes

metaphase, anaphase, telephase

3 phase when individual chromosomes are no longer visible

centromere

each chromosome consists of a pair of identical chromatids attached together by this structure

diploid

term for having a full set of chromosomes

Mitosis ends with cells having how many chromosomes?

46

Mitosis ends with how many daughter cells?

1

Mitosis has how many parent cells?

1

mitosis occurs in which type of cells?

body cells

asexual reproduction

when a new organism is produced from one organism

fission

the way cells without a nucleus reproduce

budding

when the bud on the adult become large enough to break away and live on its own

regeneration

process of reproducing by the organism breaking into pieces and a whole new organism can grow from each piece

cell cycle

a series of events from one cell division to the next

most of a eukaryotic cell's life is in what phase?

interphase

fission, budding and regeneration are forms of what type of reproduction?

asexual reproduction

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