GRE COUNTDOWN 4
|eminent|| (of a person) famous and respected within a particular sphere or profession :" one of the world's most eminent statisticians."|
• used to emphasize the presence of a positive quality : the guitar's eminent suitability for recording studio work.
**(yuksek rutbe sahibi,seckin,muteber,saygin)
|provender|| dry food; fodder|
|levitate|| rise and hover in the air, esp. by means of supernatural or magical power :" he seems to levitate about three inches off the ground."|
(buyu yapmis gibi havada asili durmak)
|humus|| the organic component of soil, formed by the decomposition of leaves and other plant material by soil microorganisms|
(bitkilerin çürümesiyle oluşan koyu renkte organik toprak)
|promulgate|| promote or make widely known (an idea or cause) : these objectives have to be promulgated within the organization.|
• put (a law or decree) into effect by official proclamation : "in January 1852, the new constitution was promulgated"
**(nesretmek,duyurmak,bildirmek ilan etmek)
**(resmen ilan edip yururluge koymak)
|stentorian|| (of a person's voice) loud and powerful : he introduced me to the staff with a stentorian announcement.|
(gur gurleyen,guclu ses)
|errant|| 1 erring or straying from the proper course or standards : "he could never forgive his daughter's errant ways"|
2 traveling in search of adventure : "that same lady errant"
(dogru yoldan sapmis,hata,yanlis)
|peerless|| eminent beyond or above comparison|
EX. "matchless beauty"; "the team's nonpareil center fielder"; "she's one girl in a million"; "the one and only Muhammad Ali"; "a peerless scholar"; "infamy unmatched in the Western world";
|intimate||1 closely acquainted; familiar, close : intimate friends | they are on intimate terms.|
• (of a place or setting) having or creating an informal friendly atmosphere : an intimate little Italian restaurant.
• [ predic. ] used euphemistically to indicate that a couple is having a sexual relationship : he was sickened by the thought of others having been intimate with her.
• involving very close connection : their intimate involvement with their community.
2 private and personal : going into intimate details of his sexual encounters | intimate correspondence.
• used euphemistically to refer to a person's genitals : touching her in the most intimate places.
3 (of knowledge) detailed; thorough : an intimate knowledge of the software.
a very close friend : his circle of intimates.
(ima etmek,dolayisile anlatmak)
|heterodox|| characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards,unconventional|
(baska goruste olan,kabul edilmis goruse zit)
|ramshackle|| (esp. of a house or vehicle) in a state of severe disrepair : a ramshackle cottage.|
|credo|| a statement of the beliefs or aims that guide someone's actions : "he announced his credo in his first editorial."|
*, any system of principles or beliefs
|wry|| 1 using or expressing dry, esp. mocking, humor : a wry smile | wry comments.|
2 (of a person's face or features) twisted into an expression of disgust, disappointment, or annoyance.
***(alayci igneleyci kucumseyici espiri,iztihza belirten)
|introspection|| the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes : quiet introspection can be extremely valuable|
*(ic gozlem kendi dusuncelerin ve duygularini inceleme)
|bleak||(of an area of land) lacking vegetation and exposed to the elements : a bleak and barren moor.|
• (of a building or room) charmless and inhospitable; dreary : he looked around the bleak little room in despair.***(kasvetli)
• (of the weather) cold and miserable : a bleak midwinter's day. ***(soguk)
• (of a situation or future prospect) not hopeful or encouraging; unlikely to have a favorable outcome : he paints a bleak picture of a company that has lost its way.***(umutsuz,ic karartan)
• (of a person or a person's expression) cold and forbidding : his bleak, near vacant eyes grew remote.(mesafeli,soguk)
|conducive|| making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible : the harsh lights and cameras were hardly conducive to a relaxed atmosphere.|
**(vesile olan,sebep olan,yardimci)
|bereft|| *deprived of or lacking something, esp. a nonmaterial asset : her room was stark and bereft of color.|
• (of a person) lonely and abandoned, esp. through someone's death or departure : his death in 1990 left her bereft.
|vivacious|| vigorous and active|
*esp. of a woman) attractively lively and animated.
(neseli sen hayatl dolu,sensakrak)
|retrograde|| directed or moving backward : a retrograde flow.|
• reverting to an earlier and inferior condition : to go back on the progress that has been made would be a retrograde step.
• (of the order of something) reversed; inverse : the retrograde form of these inscriptions.
*** degenerate , deteriorate
(geri gitmek ters yone donmek)
|garnish|| (v) decorate or embellish (something, esp. food) : salad garnished with an orange slice.|
(n) a decoration or embellishment for something, esp. food
(donatmak,suslemek ozellikle yemek tabagini)
|dapper|| (typically of a man) neat and trim in dress, appearance, or bearing.|
(sik, ustu basi temiz,zarif)
|vituperative|| bitter and abusive : the criticism soon turned into a vituperative attack.,|
(v) vituperate :berate,scold
(kufurlu hakaret edici,agzi bozuk,kufurbaz)
|scathing|| witheringly scornful; severely critical : she launched a scathing attack on the governor.|
(sert kirici yaralayici)
|opportune|| (of a time or place etc) well-chosen or particularly favorable or appropriate : he couldn't have arrived at a less opportune moment|
(,uygun,munasip,elverisli,tam zamaninda ,yerinde)
|homage|| special honor or respect shown publicly : they paid homage to the local boy who became president | a masterly work written in homage to Beethoven|
|bias||prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair : there was evidence of bias against foreign applicants | the bias toward younger people in recruitment | [in sing. ] a systematic bias in favor of the powerful.|
• [in sing. ] a concentration on or interest in one particular area or subject : he worked on a variety of Greek topics, with a discernible bias toward philosophy.
(birseye karsi veya lehte olmak)(onyargili davranmak)(sapmak)
|potable|| safe to drink; drinkable : there is no supply of potable water available|
|lachrymose|| tearful or given to weeping : she was pink-eyed and lachrymose.|
• inducing tears; sad : a lachrymose children's classic.
(sulu goz,gozu yasli,cabuk aglayan,gozyasartici)
|vicissitude|| a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant : her husband's sharp vicissitudes of fortune.|
(degisim degisme, kor talih,hayatin cilvesi)
|expatiate|| speak or write at length or in detail : she expatiated on working-class novelists|
|husbandry|| 1 the care, cultivation, and breeding of crops and animals : crop husbandry.|
2 management and conservation of resources
(tarim ciftcilikle ugrasma)
(idareli kulanma,tutumlu olma,idare)
|throttle|| (n) a device controlling the flow of fuel or power to an engine : the engines were at full throttle.|
(v) attack or kill (someone) by choking or strangling them : she was sorely tempted to throttle him | figurative the revolution has throttled the free exchange of information and opinion.
(arabain gaz pedali,bogaz nefes norusu)
(bogazini sikmak,bogmak,gazi kismak)
|portend|| *be a sign or warning that (something, esp. something momentous or calamitous) is likely to happen : the eclipses portend some major events.|
• be a signal of : the gridlock at the top of the leader board portends a sudden-death playoff.
(felaket veya benzerin beseyin habercisi olmak,delalet ,isaret)
|unfaltering|| marked by firm determination or resolution|
EX. not shakable; "firm convictions"; "a firm mouth"; "steadfast resolve"; "a man of unbendable perseverence"; "unwavering loyalty"
unhesitating; unwavering; steadfast
|limn|| depict or describe in painting or words.|
• suffuse or highlight (something) with a bright color or light : a crescent moon limned each shred with white gold.
|lurid||very vivid in color, esp. so as to create an unpleasantly harsh or unnatural effect : lurid food colorings | a pair of lurid shorts.|
• (of a description) presented in vividly shocking or sensational terms, esp. giving explicit details of crimes or sexual matters : the more lurid details of the massacre were too frightening for the children.
**(cok ucuk renkli,parlak)(olumsuz sekilde)
|bewilder|| cause (someone) to become perplexed and confused : she seemed frightened and bewildered | his reaction had bewildered her | [as adj. ] ( bewildering) there is a bewildering array of desserts to choose from.|
**(sasirtmak,allak bullak etmek,kafasini karsitirmak)
|flounder|| struggle or stagger helplessly or clumsily in water or mud : he was floundering about in the shallow offshore waters.|
• figurative struggle mentally; show or feel great confusion : she floundered, not knowing quite what to say.
• figurative be in serious difficulty : many firms are floundering.
|acrimony|| bitterness or ill feeling : a quagmire of lawsuits, acrimony, and finger-pointing.|
|impugn|| dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question : the father does not impugn her capacity as a good mother.|
* attack as false or wrong
(yalanlamak,tekzip etmek,yalanci cikarmak,karsi olmak)
|epiphany|| a revelation; sudden knowledge or insight|
(bi an tecelli etme,aciga cikma,vahiy)
|elusive|| difficult to find, catch, or achieve : success will become ever more elusive.|
• difficult to remember or recall : the elusive thought he had had moments before.
(ele gecmez,kolay bulunmaz zor,anlatilmasi hatirlanmasi guc)
|despair|| he complete loss or absence of hope : driven to despair, he throws himself under a train | in despair, I hit the bottle.|
|dilapidate|| cause (something) to fall into disrepair or ruin.|
*(harap etmek,yikip dokmek)
|ebullient|| cheerful and full of energy : she sounded ebullient and happy.|
**archaic or poetic/literary (of liquid or matter) boiling or agitated as if boiling : misted and ebullient seas.
(coskun,kaynayan,ici icine sigmayan)
|iota|| a tiny or scarcely detectable amount|
(cok kucuk herhangi birsey)
|parable|| a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson|
(ahlaksal yada dinsel veren masal kissa)
|expostulation|| protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate|
(sitem etmek,uyarmak,elestirmek,protesto etmek)
|homily|| long and boring talk from sb on the correct way to behave, etc|
the point in the orbit of the moon or a satellite at which it is furthest from the earth. The opposite of perigee .
• figurative the highest point in the development of something; the climax or culmination of something : the White House is considered the apogee of American achievement.
**(en yuksek nokta doruk)
|dolt|| a stupid person|
|loathe|| find repugnant,feel intense dislike or disgust for : she loathed him on sight | |
*( loathing) the thought filled him with loathing
|tribulation|| a cause of great trouble or suffering : the tribulations of being a megastar.|
• a state of great trouble or suffering : his time of tribulation was just beginning.
|palpitate|| (of the heart) beat rapidly, strongly, or irregularly : it wakened him in the night with a palpitating heart.|
• shake; tremble : she was palpitating with terror.
(kalbin hizli atmasi,vucudun titremesi)
|lewd|| crude and offensive in a sexual way : she began to gyrate to the music and sing a lewd song.|
*, obscene, lustful
|devolve||transfer or delegate (power) to a lower level, esp. from central government to local or regional administration : measures to devolve power to the provinces | [as adj. ] ( devolved) devolved and decentralized government.|
• [ intrans. ] ( devolve on/upon/to) (of duties or responsibility) pass to (a body or person at a lower level) : his duties devolved on a comrade.
• [ intrans. ] ( devolve into) formal degenerate or be split into : the Empire devolved into separate warring states.
(intikal etmek,devretmek,havale etmek,birakmak)
|somatic|| of or relating to the body, esp. as distinct from the mind.|
(vucut la ilgi ayada ait)
|incapacitate|| disable, debilitate, paralyze, cripple|
prevent from functioning in a normal way : he was incapacitated by a heart attack.
(kisitlamak,yapamaz hale getirmek,ehlyetsiz kilmak)
|adjutant|| a military officer who acts as an administrative assistant to a senior officer.|
• a person's assistant or deputy.
|encumber|| restrict or burden (someone or something) in such a way that free action or movement is difficult : she was encumbered by her heavy skirts | they had arrived encumbered with families.|
(yuk olmak,engellemek,kostek olmak,ayak bagi olmak)
(yuk engel mani)
(sorumluluk yada zorlunluluk altinda birakmak)
|captious|| of a person) tending to find fault or raise petty objections.|
*EX. "a captious pedant"; "an excessively demanding and faultfinding tutor"
|cog|| tooth on the rim of gear wheel|
|nettle|| 1*irritate or annoy (someone) : I was nettled by Alene's tone of superiority.|
2*archaic beat or sting (someone) with nettles.
(isirgan gibi batmak)
|oscillate|| move or swing back and forth at a regular speed : a pendulum oscillates about its lowest point.|
• [with adverbial ] figurative waver between extremes of opinion, action, or quality : he was oscillating between fear and bravery.
(tereddut etmek bocalamak,duraksamak)
|turgid|| 1 move or swing back and forth at a regular speed : a pendulum oscillates about its lowest point.|
• [with adverbial ] figurative waver between extremes of opinion, action, or quality : he was oscillating between fear and bravery.
|interminable|| endless (often used hyperbolically) : we got bogged down in interminable discussions|
(sonu gelmez,bitmek bilmez)
|substantiate|| to verify, confirm,provide evidence to support or prove the truth of : they had found nothing to substantiate the allegations.|
|smirk|| smile in an irritatingly smug, conceited, or silly way : Dr. Ali smirked in triumph. See note at smile .|
(n) a smug, conceited, or silly smile : Gloria pursed her mouth in a self-satisfied smirk
**(zorla yapmacik gulumseme)
|traverse||(n)an act of traversing something.|
• a sideways movement, or a series of such movements, across a rock face from one line of ascent or descent to another.
• a place where a movement of this type is necessary : a narrow traverse made lethal by snow and ice.
• a movement following a diagonal course made by a skier descending a slope.
• a zigzag course followed by a ship because winds or currents prevent it from sailing directly toward its destination.
(v) travel across or through : he traversed the forest.
• extend across or through : a moving catwalk that traversed a vast cavernous space.
• [ intrans. ] cross a hill or mountain by means of a series of sideways movements : I often use this route, eventually traversing around the cliff.
• ski diagonally across (a slope), with only a slight descent.
• figurative consider or discuss the whole extent of (a subject) : he would traverse a number of subjects and disciplines.
2 [ trans. ] move (something) back and forth or sideways : a probe is traversed along the tunnel.
(karşıdan karşıya geçirmek, her iki yöne hareket ettirmek, çaprazlama geçmek, zikzak çizerek gitmek, mil etrafında döndürmek, bir uçtan diğerine çizmek,kestirme mesafe, dikkatle incelemek,)
|potent|| having great power, influence, or effect : thrones were potent symbols of authority | a potent drug | a potent argument.|
(of a companion or friend) close; intimate; favorite : he debated the question with a few boon companions in the barroom.
1 [usu. in sing. ] a thing that is helpful or beneficial : the navigation system will be a boon to both civilian and military users.
2 archaic a favor or request : may I have the inestimable boon of a few minutes' conversation?
|comeuppance|| a punishment or fate that someone deserves : he got his comeuppance.|
|potion|| a liquid with healing, magical, or poisonous properties : a love potion.|
1 the woolly covering of a sheep or goat : as the sheep came on board, we grabbed their long shaggy fleeces | he clutched the ram by two handfuls of thick fleece.
• the amount of wool shorn from a sheep in a single piece at one time.
2 a thing resembling a sheep's woolly covering, in particular
• a soft warm fabric with a texture similar to sheep's wool, used as a lining material.
• a jacket or other garment made from such a fabric.
• Heraldry a representation of a fleece suspended from a ring.
verb [ trans. ]
1 informal obtain a great deal of money from (someone), typically by overcharging or swindling them : money that authorities say he fleeced from well-to-do acquaintances.
2 figurative cover as if with a fleece : the sky was half blue, half fleeced with white clouds.
(koyun postu,yun,yun gibi)
(kaziklamak,soyup sogana cevirmek)
|rancid|| of foods containing fat or oil) smelling or tasting unpleasant as a result of being old and stale.|
|pragmatist|| a person who takes a practical approach to problems and is concerned primarily with the success or failure of her actions|
(teorik goruslerden cok pratik degerle onem veren)
|perpetrate|| carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action) : a crime has been perpetrated against a sovereign state.|
|ravage|| verb [ trans. ]|
cause severe and extensive damage to : fears that a war could ravage their country.
noun ( ravages)
the severely damaging or destructive effects of something : his face had withstood the ravages of time.
• acts of destruction : the ravages committed by man.
(tahribat,birseyin yikici etkisi)
|malapropism|| the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar|
" as in, for example, "dance a flamingo " (instead of flamenco)."
|mendacious|| not telling the truth; lying : mendacious propaganda.|
|industrious|| diligent and hard-working|
|ablution|| the act of washing oneself (often used for humorously formal effect) : the women performed their ablutions.|
• a ceremonial act of washing parts of the body or sacred containers.
|tranquility|| a state of peace and quiet,free from disturbance; calm : her tranquil gaze | the sea was tranquil.|
|roster||a list or plan showing turns of duty or leave for individuals or groups in an organization : next week's duty roster.|
• a list of members of a team or organization, in particular of athletes available for team selection.
verb [ trans. ] (usu. be rostered) chiefly Brit.
assign according to a duty roster : the locomotive is rostered for service on Sunday.
*list of names
(isim yada gorev listesi,nobet listesi)
|kleptomaniac|| a recurrent urge to steal, typically without regard for need or profit.|
a large number or quantity of something : he asked me a slew of questions.
1 [ intrans. ] (of a vehicle or person) turn or slide violently or uncontrollably in a particular direction : the Chevy slewed from side to side in the snow.
• [ trans. ] turn or slide (something, esp. a vehicle) in such a way : he managed to slew the aircraft around before it settled on the runway.
(cok fazla miktar,yigin)
|finesse|| subtly skillful handling of a situation|
|skittish|| lively and unpredictable; playful : my skittish and immature mother.|
• (esp. of a horse) nervous; inclined to shy.
|capacious|| spacious,having a lot of space inside; roomy : she rummaged in her capacious handbag|
|witless|| foolish; stupid : a witless retort.|
• [as complement ] to such an extent that one cannot think clearly or rationally : I was scared witless.
|amity|| a cordial disposition|
a friendly relationship : international amity and goodwill.
|eon (aeon)|| an indefinite and very long period of time, often a period exaggerated for humorous or rhetorical effect : he reached the crag eons before I arrived | his eyes searched her face for what seemed like eons|
(cok uzun zaman sonsuzluk, ebediyet)
|harping|| talk or write persistently and tediously on a particular topic : guys who are constantly harping on about the war|
*tiresome,dwelling on a subject
(aynı konuyu ele almak,tekrarlamak,baymak)
|armada|| a fleet of warships : an armada of destroyers, minesweepers, and gunboats.|
|orthodox||conventional, adhering to what is commonly accepted|
(of a person or their views, esp. religious or political ones, or other beliefs or practices) conforming to what is generally or traditionally accepted as right or true; established and approved : the orthodox economics of today | orthodox medical treatment | orthodox Hindus.
• (of a person) not independent-minded; conventional and unoriginal : a relatively orthodox artist.
2 (of a thing) of the ordinary or usual type; normal : they avoided orthodox jazz venues.
(herkesin kabul gordugne uygun,geleneksel,alisilmis)
|suffuse|| gradually spread through or over : her cheeks were suffused with color | the first half of the poem is suffused with idealism.|
(renk vermek,kaplamak,etrafa yayilmak)
|celerity|| speed; rapidity,swiftness of movement.|
|odoriferous|| having a natural fragrance,smell|
*having or giving off a smell, esp. an or distinctive one : spicily concocted with odoriferous herbs | an odoriferous pile of fish remains.
|desolate||(of a place) deserted of people and in a state of bleak and dismal emptiness : a desolate moor.|
• feeling or showing misery, unhappiness, or loneliness ,forlorn: I suddenly felt desolate and bereft.
verb |ˈdesəˌlāt| [ trans. ]
make (a place) bleakly and depressingly empty or bare : the droughts that desolated the dry plains.
• (usu. be desolated) make (someone) feel utterly wretched and unhappy : he was desolated by the deaths of his treasured friends.
(perisan yalniz kimsesiz)
(bos birakmak,harap etmek,)
(of a person or body part) lithe; supple. flexible ,pliable
• (of a thing) flexible : limber graphite fishing rods.
verb [ intrans. ]
warm up in preparation for exercise or activity, esp. sports : the acrobats were limbering up for the big show.
• [ trans. ] make (oneself or a body part) supple : I limbered my fingers by playing a few scales.
(isinma hareketleri yapmak)
|multifarious|| many and of various types : multifarious activities.|
• having many varied parts or aspects : a vast multifarious organization.
(cok cesitlu turlu turlu,muhtelif)
|apiary|| a place where bees are kept; a collection of beehives|
(ari kovani,ari yetistirilen yer)
|incendiary|| (of a device or attack) designed to cause fires : incendiary grenades.|
• tending to stir up conflict : incendiary rhetoric | an incendiary slogan.
• very exciting : an incendiary live performer.
|suborn|| bribe or otherwise induce (someone) to commit an unlawful act such as perjury : he was accused of conspiring to suborn witnesses.|
(rusvetle kandirmak,yalan ifade yada beyan ettirmek)
|reciprocal|| 1 given, felt, or done in return : she was hoping for some reciprocal comment or gesture.|
2 (of an agreement or obligation) bearing on or binding each of two parties equally : the treaty is a bilateral commitment with reciprocal rights and duties.
|minute|| infinitely or immeasurably small,short|
*(of an inquiry or investigation, or an account of one) taking the smallest points into consideration; precise and meticulous : a minute examination of the islands
(cok az kucuk onemsiz,kisa suren)