Functions of Brain Regions

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Give the brain region for the functions described.

Medulla Oblongata

Contains vital centers that regulate heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, vomiting, coughing.

Cerebellum

Smoothes and coordinates skilled skeletal muscle movement; also posture and balance or equilibrium.

Pineal Gland

Secretes melatonin that controls the sleep-wake cycle.

Hypothalamus

Controls and integrates the autonomic nervous system; regulates hormones, emotional behavior, temperature, eating and drinking behavior.

Cerebral Cortex

Interprets sensory input, controls skilled skeletal muscle movements, and is involved in emotional and intellectual processes.

Pons

Helps control breathing; conducts impulses to and from the cerebellum, midbrain, and medulla.

Thalamus

Relays all sensory input to the cerebral cortex; involved in skeletal muscle actions and memory processing.

Corpora Quadrigemina

Coordinates visual and auditory reflexes.

Basal Nuclei

Coordinates gross, automoatic muscle movements; also involved with the limbic system.

Corpus Callosum

White fiber tracts communicating between hemispheres.

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