Articles of Confederation

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Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation

The first Constitution of the United States

Articles of Confederation did not establish...

Courts, Executive / President

Under the Articles of Confederation who had the final authority in all matters?

The States

Why were the Articles of Confederation replaced by the U.S. Constitution?

to form a stronger government

When were the Articles of Confederation ratified?

During the American Revolution.

Powers granted to the federal government under the Articles of Confederation.

determine peace & war; decide disputes between states; establish and regulate interstate post offices.

Collecting taxes

Power denied to the Federal Government under the Articles of Confederation

Shays' Rebellion

conflict in Massachusettes that demonstrated the need to change the Articles

The authors of the Articles of Confederation...

feared concentration of power in national government

Which important legislation was passed while the Articles of Confederation were in effect?

The Northwest Ordinance

The Northwest Ordinance

provided the basis for governing much of western territory. the law created a new territory north of the Ohio River which would eventually be divided into three to five states.

13

# of states in the Articles of Confederation.

How did voting work in Congress under the Articles of Confederation?

Each state received one vote.

The Articles of Confederation weak government can be best described as ...

"a firm league of friendship"

How many branches of government were created under the Articles of Confederation?

One

Which two branches of government did the federal government lack under the Articles of Confederation?

Executive and Judicial

"Article V. In determining questions in the United States in
Congress assembled, each state shall have one vote."

Read the above quote from the Articles of Confederation, which group would most likely be unhappy with Article V of the Articles of Confederation?

"Article V. In determining questions in the United States in
Congress assembled, each state shall have one vote."

Read the above quote from the Articles of Confederation, which group would most likely be unhappy with Article V of the Articles of Confederation?

The Large States

Because most Americans feared strong governments like King
George's, they created the Articles of Confederation to be _______.

Weak

The Articles of Confederation had no president or executive.

It took 9 of 13 states to pass a law

The federal government had no money and could not tax.

The federal government could not draft soldiers to form an army... they had to ask states for soldiers.

The federal government had no judicial branch.

It took a unanimous vote of all thirteen states to amend or change the Articles of Confederation.

The Federal Government has to ask the states for money. They can not tax.

The Federal Government was to settle disputes between states, but they had no power to enforce those settlements.

28. On May 14, 1787 you are invited to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. You listen to hours of bitter discussion over the merits of the Articles of Confederation. A delegate rises and argues that it was important to keep the Articles. Respond to him arguing that we should not keep the Articles. In a well written, organized paragraph give five reasons why the states should abandon the Articles and create a new document.

Short Essay - Choose 2 of 4

29. Was it necessary to replace the Articles of Confederation? Could they have been modified to provide Americans with a successful, democratic, or perhaps, a parliamentary government?

Short Essay - Choose 2 of 4

30. Americans soon learned after the Revolutionary War that the Articles of Confederation were too weak. How did Shays' Rebellion reveal the Articles' weaknesses and lead to the end of the Articles.

Short Essay - Choose 2 of 4

31. The Articles of Confederation begins "We the States..."

The United States Constitution begins "We the People..."

Explain the important difference between the two documents and the two plans for government illustrated by these short but important phrases.

Short Essay - Choose 2 of 4

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