AP History Exam Study Guide

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European exploration of the Americas resulted in all of the following EXCEPT

development of unified resistance by the Native Americans to European settlement

Cities differed from Neolithic villages in two principal ways. Firstly, cities were larger and more complex than Neolithic villages. Secondly, __________________________.

cities decisively influenced the economic, political and cultural life of large regions

What happened in western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire was similar to what occurred in

China after the fall of the Han

A major influence on the development of western Europe was

The pressure put on Germanic peoples by the movement of the Huns

Which of the following statements is an accurate description of both Buddhism and Hinduism?

Both religions taught the importance of karma in affecting a person's fate

The Mandate of Heaven governed the relationship between the ruler and the ruled in

China

Monasticism was an important aspect of which two of the following religions

Buddhism and Christianity

Which of the following was not a characteristic of early settled agricultural communities?

Equal status for men and women

A characteristic that the Shang Chinese shared with Egyptian civilization was the

Development of a writing system

Which of the following pairs of religions uses images to represent its deity

Hinduism and Christianity

Which major language family arose as a result of migrations beginning in central Asia and spreading to Europe?

Indo-European

Which of the great religious systems below were characterized by monotheism combined with a sacred text and a strong missionary thrust?

Christianity and Islam

Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and the Han Empire?

Both empires were characterized by long periods of effective centralized government.

All of the following were part of the Confucian social order except

Chastity by husbands

Judaism, Christianity and Islam share which of the following?

They recognize the existence of Adam and Moses.

With the collapse in political order after the fall of the Han empire

Daoism and Buddhism became much more popular

The phrase pater familias refers to

the patriarchal nature of the Roman family

The school of philosophical thought which was in the end responsible for the unification of China was

Legalism

The fundamental doctrine of Buddhism was known as the

Four Noble Truths

The Greeks used the word polis to refer to

the city-state

The political world of the ancient Greeks

usually consisted of independent, autonomous city-states

The first society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later societies, were the

Olmecs

By 5000 B.C.E. the Mesoamericans had discovered the agricultural potential of __________, which ultimately became the staple food of the region.

maize

In regards to family structure, the __________ retained much more influence in China than in other lands.

extended family

In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual soul was

to escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and enter into permanent union with Brahman

The earliest known civilization in India was the

Harappan

All of the following statements are true in relation to the Harappan society EXCEPT

their writings have provided a wealth of information for historians

The Bantu originally came from around

modern day Nigeria

The Bantu probably began their migrations because of

population pressures

In which of the following societies did women enjoy the most freedom and opportunity?

Egypt

The first simplified alphabet, containing only 22 letters, was created by the

Phoenicians

Ethical monotheism was in the tradition of the

Hebrews

The Mesopotamian style of writing was known as

cuneiform

In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were the three main sources for

slaves

Which of the following is true of commerce in the Indian Ocean during the time period 600-1450 C.E.?

Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern, and East African merchants.

Which of the following lists three places Ibn Battuta, the fourteenth-century Muslim traveler, visited?

India, Mali, and Persia

Which of the following had the greatest manufacturing capacity during the time period 600 to 1450 C.E.?

China

The term "samurai" describes men in feudal Japan who were most like the men in feudal Europe known as:

Knights

In the period between 600 and 1450, which of the following were two occupations pursued by large numbers of African and European women?

Midwife and healer

Trade spurred the introduction of both Islam and Hinduism to what is now called:

Indonesia

Renaissance Italy and the Islamic Middle East after the decline of the Abbasid Empire in the mid-tenth century are important examples of which of the following?

Political fragmentation and cultural creativity

Which of the following statements about the Mongol Empire of the thirteenth century is true?

The invasion of Japan was attempted but was unsuccessful

Which of the following was a common feature of most Asian and European philosophies during the period 600 to 1450 C.E.?

a close association with religion

After the expansion of Islam into Africa, an organized Christian presence remained in:

Egypt and Ethiopia

Which of the following contributed to the Chinese government's decision to stop voyages of exploration in the Indian Ocean in the early fifteenth century?

Government concern with domestic problems and frontier security

Which of the following languages came into existence after 1000 C.E. as the direct result of expanding global trade patterns?

Swahili

Which was true of the Mongol Empire?

It caused Eurasian trade routes to move farther north

Which of the following is true of the bubonic plague?

It followed established trade routes

The Mongols:

are credited with the transmission of bubonic plague

According to Marco Polo's accounts, what aspects of Mongol life fascinated him?

Their ability to ride days on end without eating

In the thirteenth century, the most urbanized region in the world was

China

Which of the following developments most directly resulted from the Crusades?

Growth of Italian city-states

All of the following are true of the major Amerindian civilizations in Central and South America prior to the arrival of Europeans except:

economies based on trade

The introduction of papermaking into Europe is an example of cultural diffusion

From China by way of the Eurasian trade route

A common stage in the early development of political units as diverse as England, France, China, Russia and Japan was

feudalism

A major area of contention between the papacy and secular rulers was the

rulers' determination to appoint Church officials in their nations

Which of the following reasons motivated both the Abbasids and the Mongols to expand their empires?

The desire for wealth and plunder

All of the following characteristics are true of the Tang and Song dynasties except

Buddhism appeared in China for the first time

Which of the following best describes the spread of Islam in East Africa and Christianity in China?

Islam had a decided impact on the trading centers of East Africa but little impact on the interior, whereas Christianity had little impact on either urban or rural areas in China

The Aztec civilization's militaristic tone and use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier culture of the

Toltec

The term sinicization refers to

the spread of Chinese culture

The success and timing of trade though the Indian Ocean basin largely depended upon

understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds

Axum was

a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia

Ali bin Muhammad

led the zanj revolt

Since there was no concept of private ownership of land in sub-Saharan Africa,

slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth

In regard to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa

women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies

In the smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, the chief considerations for determining social position were

kinship, age groupings, and sex and gender expectations

Ibn Battuta

was a Moroccan jurist who traveled throughout Africa

Just as the kingdoms of west Africa depended on trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Africa depended on

Indian Ocean trade

The most powerful kingdom in central Africa was

Zimbabwe

The Swahili city-state of Kilwa was ferociously sacked in 1505 by the

Portuguese

Swahili is an Arabic term meaning

coasters

The legendary founder of the kingdom of Mali was

Sundiata

Gao was an important trading center

in the Sahara Desert

The most powerful state in west Africa at the time of the arrival of Islam was

Ghana

In regard to political structure, the early Bantu societies

governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups

One of the central factors in the establishment of trans-Saharan trade was

the domestication of the camel

In relation to spreading their language across a huge stretch of Africa, the Bantu played a role similar to that played by the

Indo-Europeans

By 1000, most parts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking what language?

Bantu

The introduction of a new food crop about 400 C.E. encouraged a fresh migratory surge in Africa. What was the crop?

bananas

Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of

its control of the gold trade

Japanese Zen Buddhism is based on

Chan Buddhism

In 1279, the Song dynasty finally fell to the

Mongols

In 757, the Tang emperors were forced to invite the Turkish Uighurs to bring an army into China and suppress a rebellion by

An Lushan

Why was the Grand Canal such an essential part of China's economic health?

It was a practical and economic way to transport foods like rice from the Yangzi River valley to residents of northern regions

Along with China what other two empires are considered the anchors of the postclassical world?

Byzantium and Abbasid Empire

The maintenance of transportation and communication networks, the distribution of land according to the equal field system, and the reliance on a bureaucracy of merit are all reasons which of the following Dynasties succeeded?

Tang

Despite cultural borrowing and imitation, Korea was still different from China in that

aristocrats dominated Korean society while bureaucrats dominated Chinese life

The Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca is known as the

hajj

The term Islam means

submission

The phrase, "one who has submitted," is the meaning of the term

Muslim

The phrase dar al-Islam means

house of Islam

In 595, Muhammad married a wealthy widow named

Khadija

The Quran

is the holy book of Islam

During the last two-hundred years of the Abbasid Empire, it fell under the control of the

Saljuq Turks

The Abbasid dynasty finally came to an end in 1258, when it was overrun by the

Mongols

Of all the new crops that spread throughout the Islamic world via trade, which one proved the most important?

cotton

What new industry, transmitted to the Islamic world from China, was introduced during the Abbasid period?

paper manufacture

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