5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Patriarch Nikon
- Baroque palaces
- Ottoman Empire
- Frederick the Great
- a peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
- b a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
- c open symmetrical layout with 3 wings.
lofty complex roofs, very large and romanticized, meant to appear wealthy
- d He was the head of the Orthodox Church from 1652-1667. He came from peasant descent. He was very educated. He demanded to share authority with the Tsar. The Tsar was mad and broke with Nikon. The Tsar exiled Nikon to a remote monastery. Before that he had a thoroughgoing reform of Russian Orthodox texts and rituals.
- e Prussian king of the 18th century; attempted to introduce Enlightenment reforms into Germany; built on military and bureaucratic foundations of his predecessors; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy.
5 Multiple choice questions
- division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.
- This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs
- the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
- "Ivan the Great". The first true Russian ruler who who started calling himself czar. He made the final break from the Mongols in 1480 and started a long line of rulers.
- The church of Russia, branch of; supported the Tsar; There was a gap between poor parish peasants and rich bishops
5 True/False questions
Old Believers → the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
Peasants' conditions → formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
Window on the West/St. Petersburg → Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical (church) reforms of Alexis Romanov (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.
Serfdom in Russia → feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions
Catherine the Great → ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, added new lands to Russia, encouraged science, art, lierature, Russia became one of Europe's most powerful nations