5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Window on the West/St. Petersburg
- Frederick William I
- Old Believers
- Ivan III
- a peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
- b Warm water port. Peter the Great's access from Russia into the world. Helped westernize Russia.
- c "Ivan the Great". The first true Russian ruler who who started calling himself czar. He made the final break from the Mongols in 1480 and started a long line of rulers.
- d THE GREAT ELECTOR. 1st Prussian ruler; unites Brandenburg and other states to form Prussia; runs state as if it were army; builds civil service based on military
- e Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical (church) reforms of Alexis Romanov (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- • The Rise of Brandenburg - Prussia.
- Hohenzollern Family - controlled both states.
- Ruled by an "Imperial Elector" (used to help choose who become the H.R.E.)
• Eventually band together and become one.
- formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
- ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, added new lands to Russia, encouraged science, art, lierature, Russia became one of Europe's most powerful nations
- (1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
- a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
5 True/False Questions
Serfdom in Russia → feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions
Hapsburgs → This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary
Russian Orthodox Church → The church of Russia, branch of; supported the Tsar; There was a gap between poor parish peasants and rich bishops
Partition of Poland → division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.
Pugachev's Rebellion → Emelyan Pugachev promised the serfs land of their own and freedom from their lords, initiating a peasant revolt, the largest of the 18th century. Crushed by Catherine who consequently put more restraints on the serfs