5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Russian Orthodox Church
- Stenka Razin/Cossack
- Peasants' conditions
- a peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
- b the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
- c The church of Russia, branch of; supported the Tsar; There was a gap between poor parish peasants and rich bishops
- d formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
- e Led a Cossack revolt in 1670 and 1671, he moved up the Volga river and gained masses of peasant supporters as they killed nobility and Landlords. Finally defeated by the government nobles further enserfed the peasants , holding down the peasants and holding them back from rebellion became the primary concern and responsibility of the nobility.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical (church) reforms of Alexis Romanov (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.
- THE GREAT ELECTOR. 1st Prussian ruler; unites Brandenburg and other states to form Prussia; runs state as if it were army; builds civil service based on military
- a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
- division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.
- Emelyan Pugachev promised the serfs land of their own and freedom from their lords, initiating a peasant revolt, the largest of the 18th century. Crushed by Catherine who consequently put more restraints on the serfs
5 True/False Questions
Catherine the Great → Prussian king of the 18th century; attempted to introduce Enlightenment reforms into Germany; built on military and bureaucratic foundations of his predecessors; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy.
Patriarch Nikon → He was the head of the Orthodox Church from 1652-1667. He came from peasant descent. He was very educated. He demanded to share authority with the Tsar. The Tsar was mad and broke with Nikon. The Tsar exiled Nikon to a remote monastery. Before that he had a thoroughgoing reform of Russian Orthodox texts and rituals.
Absolutism in Eastern Europe → a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
Baroque palaces → This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs
Ivan III → "Ivan the Great". The first true Russian ruler who who started calling himself czar. He made the final break from the Mongols in 1480 and started a long line of rulers.