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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Patriarch Nikon
  2. Cossacks
  3. Baroque palaces
  4. Ottoman Empire
  5. Frederick the Great
  1. a peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
  2. b a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire
  3. c open symmetrical layout with 3 wings.
    lofty complex roofs, very large and romanticized, meant to appear wealthy
  4. d He was the head of the Orthodox Church from 1652-1667. He came from peasant descent. He was very educated. He demanded to share authority with the Tsar. The Tsar was mad and broke with Nikon. The Tsar exiled Nikon to a remote monastery. Before that he had a thoroughgoing reform of Russian Orthodox texts and rituals.
  5. e Prussian king of the 18th century; attempted to introduce Enlightenment reforms into Germany; built on military and bureaucratic foundations of his predecessors; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. division of Polish territory among Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as independent state; part of expansion of Russian influence in eastern Europe.
  2. This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs
  3. the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
  4. "Ivan the Great". The first true Russian ruler who who started calling himself czar. He made the final break from the Mongols in 1480 and started a long line of rulers.
  5. The church of Russia, branch of; supported the Tsar; There was a gap between poor parish peasants and rich bishops

5 True/False questions

  1. Old Believersthe part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession


  2. Peasants' conditionsformed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution


  3. Window on the West/St. PetersburgRussians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical (church) reforms of Alexis Romanov (17th century); many exiled to Siberia or southern Russia, where they became part of Russian colonization.


  4. Serfdom in Russiafeudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions


  5. Catherine the Greatruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, added new lands to Russia, encouraged science, art, lierature, Russia became one of Europe's most powerful nations


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