5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Patriarch Nikon
- Absolutism in Eastern Europe
- Peter the Great
- a the part of Austria that Frederick the Great captured, violating the Pragmatic Sanction, and it started the War of Austrian Succession
- b • The Rise of Brandenburg - Prussia.
- Hohenzollern Family - controlled both states.
- Ruled by an "Imperial Elector" (used to help choose who become the H.R.E.)
• Eventually band together and become one.
- c peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements.
- d He was the head of the Orthodox Church from 1652-1667. He came from peasant descent. He was very educated. He demanded to share authority with the Tsar. The Tsar was mad and broke with Nikon. The Tsar exiled Nikon to a remote monastery. Before that he had a thoroughgoing reform of Russian Orthodox texts and rituals.
- e (1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions
- "Ivan the Great". The first true Russian ruler who who started calling himself czar. He made the final break from the Mongols in 1480 and started a long line of rulers.
- Led a Cossack revolt in 1670 and 1671, he moved up the Volga river and gained masses of peasant supporters as they killed nobility and Landlords. Finally defeated by the government nobles further enserfed the peasants , holding down the peasants and holding them back from rebellion became the primary concern and responsibility of the nobility.
- THE GREAT ELECTOR. 1st Prussian ruler; unites Brandenburg and other states to form Prussia; runs state as if it were army; builds civil service based on military
- Prussian king of the 18th century; attempted to introduce Enlightenment reforms into Germany; built on military and bureaucratic foundations of his predecessors; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy.
5 True/False Questions
Russian Orthodox Church → The church of Russia, branch of; supported the Tsar; There was a gap between poor parish peasants and rich bishops
Peasants' conditions → formed most of the population, and only owned 40% of land; food shortages caused them to lose more money; had to pay rent on the land they worked; ready for a revolution
Old Believers → This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary
Catherine the Great → ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, added new lands to Russia, encouraged science, art, lierature, Russia became one of Europe's most powerful nations
Window on the West/St. Petersburg → Warm water port. Peter the Great's access from Russia into the world. Helped westernize Russia.