Psychology Final: Test 4

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In the field of mental disorders, DSM refers to:

A standardized system for labeling and diagnosing mental disorders

An intense, irrational fear that is clearly related to a particular category of object or event is called:

specific phobia

A distributing thought that intrudes repeatedly on a person's consciousness even though the person recognizes it as irrational is called:

obsession

When drivig, Alex often has the disturbing thought that he is about to be involved in a crash if he continues on his present path. When the thought occurs, he responds by taking 'evasive action', which means a lengthy detour. The repetitive thought is an _____ and the corresponding action is a ______

obsession; compulsion

Having intense fear without an explanation and its unpredictable. What type of disorder is this?

A phobic disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder differs from other anxiety disorder in that it:

is directly and explicitly tied to a very stressful incidents in the person's experience

Posttraumatic stress disorder commonly involves all of the following except:

rituals that are carried out routinely to cope with anxiety

An individual experiencing chronic mild to moderate depressive symptoms for over a two year period would probably be diagnosed as suffering from:

dysthymia

Which of the following sounds like the thinking of someone at risk for depression, according to the cognitive perspective?

"I didn't get invited to the party because people think I'm a bore"

One theory of anxiety proposes that it ay be an exaggerated form of a response that, when less extreme, is:

actually adaptive when viewed in evolutionary terms

Drastic moodswings, extreme depression sometimes and he feels very energetic at other times. What is his disorder?

Bipolar disorder

The heritability of bipolar disorer has been assessed through research on _____, which has revealed ______ genetic influences

twins and adoptees; strong

The general class of disorders in which an individual experiences bodily ailments in the absence of any physical disease that could cause them are called

somatoform disorders

Numbness in your legs for no apparent reason when you are nervous for a track meet is what disorder?

Conversion disorder

Which of the following is not a symptom of schizophrenia

mania

False beliefs held in the face of compelling evidence to the contrary are called ____ and are among the major symptoms of _____

delusions; schizophrenia

An example of a negative symptom in schizophrenia would be:

lack of normal emotions

if you believe that you are the President and believe that everyone is out to get you and hears voices etc. What type of schizophrenia does he have?

Paranoid

What is the schizophrenia where you spend most of your day in a chair without moving or speaking?

catatonic

Mental health workers label behavior psychologically disrodered when they judge it:

atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable

According to the medical model, psychological are:

sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured

A bio-social perspective on alcohol abuse would be most likely to emphasize:

the interactive influences of nature and nurture on maladaptive alcohol consumption

Which perspective would have to most difficulty accounting for the fact that anorexia nervosa is mostly a disorder of Western cultures?

medical perspective

What disorder involves someone being so overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment, terrified by shopping and crowds?

agoraphobia

A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterised by:

feelings of personal worthlessness

For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning, she has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. She is suffering from what type of disorder:

a mood disorder

During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to experience:

high self esteem

A person with a schizoid personality would be classified as having a _______ disorder that involves _______

personality; eccentric or odd behavior

A person with an avoidant personalitiy would be classified as having a _____ disorder that involves ______

personality; highly anxious or fearful behavior

Stephen shows total disregard for the rights of others and for moral rules. Such lack of concern best illustrates an ______ personality disorder

antisocial

The Rosenhan (1973) study illustrated _______

the effects of the perceptual bias in labeling

The bio-psycho-social approach is an example of what?

A way of explaining abnormal behavior as an interaction of multiple factors

Which of the following is not an example of an anxiety disorder? social phobia, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder

bipolar disorder

Victoria has a marked and persistent fear of people commenting on the manner in which she eats, so she consistently declines all dinner invitations. Which of the following appears to be the most appropriate classification for Victoria's problem?

social phobia

William will walk p 20 flights of stairs rather than take an elevator because he is afraid he could not escape if the elevator stalled. What disorder does he have

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia usually occurs in combination with

panic disorder

A concordance rate expresses the likelihood that:

two related people have the same disorder

For over a week, Barbara has been sleeping very little but having lots of energy, has spent a considerable amount of money on shopping sprees, talks rapidly and constantly. She is having a _____ which is related to one of the _____ disorders

manic episode; mood

David believes he is the president of the united states and there is a conspiracy to kill him. these beliefs are examples of ______ that are considered _____ symptoms of schizophrenia

delusion;l positive

Bonnie is constantly anxious because she is worried about slipping and falling, charlie checks to see if his door is locked 10 times before he leaves. Bonnie thoughts are an _____ and Charlie's actions are a _______

obsession; compulsion

If a psychologist assumes that the person's difficulties stem from unconscious conflicts that produce anxiety, they are using the ______ perspective

psychodynamic

What factor is related to the highest rates in mental disorders?

Low income

What most accurately describes agoraphobia

fear of fear is their biggest problem

David washes his hands excessively, Ellen checks burners at least 5 times before she leaves, goes to sleep, and when she wakes up, these are _____

compulsions

What is true about major depressive disorder?

Women suffer from major depressive disorder more than men and the concorance rate fro depression is higher among identical twins than among fraternal twins

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