ESL Test Prep 2 of 3

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31 terms · Esl Test Prep Study Questions 2 of 3

Communicative Competence

ability to use the language appropriate to a particular social context

Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills

BICS

Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency

CALP

Cognitive

Relating to the processes of thought

Behaviorist

a psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment.

Constructivism

View of cognitive development that emphasizes the active role of learners in building their own understanding of reality

L1 Interference

Students' errors are sometimes the result of trying to express themselves using the structures of their native language. Example: A Spanish-speaking student who says: The people in Mexico is very friendly. instead of The people in Mexico are very friendly. (Because gente is singular, but people plural.)

Code Switching

Speakers switch back and forth from the 1st language to their 2nd language to communicate

bilabial

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where lips press together (p,b,m)

labio-dental

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where top teeth meet the bottom lip (f,v)

dental

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tounge touches the back of the top front teeth (t,d,n)

interdental

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tongue is between the teeth (th)

alveolar

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tip or blade of the tongue touches the ridge behind the top teeth (t,d,n)

lateral

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the tongue blocks the air flow and air has to go around it. (L)

palato-alveolar

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the flat part of the tongue touches the ridge (sh,ch)

palatal

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the flat part of the tongue is against the hard palate (y)

velar

Phonetic terminology for the location of the formation of sound where the back of tongue pushes up against the soft palate (k,g)

Affricate

when two sounds occur right after the other

glottis

space betweent the vocal bands

voiceless

the type of produced sound when the elastic bands of tissue in the larynx are held apart

aspirated

Puff of air escapes before the glottis closes

voiced

the type of produced sound that requires vibration of the vocal chords - examples would be all vowels, diphthongs, and some consonants

ejective

voiceless consonants that are pronounced with simultaneous closure of the glottis

tense and lax

Refers to the degree of muscular activity involved in the articulation and to the length of the vowels in question.

geminate

a doubled or long consonant Ex. "the 'n' in 'thinness'

stop

the type of produced sound where the airflow completely is stopped then released

nasal

the type of produced sound where the airflow is through the nasal cavity

fricative

the type of produced sound where there's continuous airflow, but it's forced

resonant

(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance

glides

articulators glide from constricted to open

liquids

type of produced sound where the tongue is held tight at the midline and air flows around the sides of the tongue

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