Marbury v Madison
1803, Established the principle of Judicial Review, which is the power of the court to override the acts of an executive.
McCulloch v Maryland
1819, A state cannot tax a federal agency
Gibbons v Ogden
1824, A state cannot regulate interstate commerce
Dred Scott v Sanford
1857, African Americans are not citizens and the MO Compromise was unconstitutional
United States v EC Knight
1895, Any action against manufacturing monopolies would have to be taken by the state. Sherman Anti-Trust Act did not prevent these.
Plessy v Ferguson
1896, Established "Separate but Equal"
Lochner v New York
1905, The court cannot uphold a labor law unless it is an issue of public health
Schenck v United States
1919, Limited free speech if the U.S. is in "clear and present danger"
Schechter Poultry Corp. v United States
1935, Congress cannot delegate legislative power over industry codes to the President
United States v Butler
1936, AAA is an unconstitutional use of power to tax
Korematsu v United States
1944, Executive Order #9066 is constitutional because it was a time of war
Brown v Board of Education
1954, Separate is not equal, no more segregated schools
Gideon v Wainwright
1963, Due process obligates all states to apply the 6th Amendment
Miranda v Arizona
1966, Police cannot use statements as evidence unless the speaker had been given his rights. Created a card for police officers
Roe v Wade
1973, Abortion is legal in the 1st trimester, states can regulate it in the 2nd and states can forbid it in the 3rd