Vocab Ch 9 and 10

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English II

apogee

point in its orbit when a planet or satellite is farthest from the moon; the highest point; culmination;apex

geocentric

referring to the center of the earth in measurement or observation; considering the earth as the center of the planetary system

perigee

point in which a planet or satellite is nearest the earth

inter

to bury; to place in a grave

terra cotta

ceramic clay used in pottery, statuary, and construction. reddish brown that may vary from gray or orange to dark brown

terrestrial

pertaining to the earth and its inhabitants. Referring to land as distinct from water or air

exhume

to dig out of the ground or from a grave; to disinter; to bring to light; uncover

humus

rich, dark organic material formed by decay of vegetable matter, essential to soil's fertility

mountebank

a swindler; charlatan; a trickster

paramount

of chief importance; primary; foremost

promontory

a high ridge of land jutting into a body of water; a headland

pastoral

a Christian minister or duties accompanying the office; life in open country or fields for farming or grazing; an idealized rural life

repast

a meal; food served at a meal

rustic

typical of country life and people; simple; rough; a rural person

rusticate

to go to the country ; to cause to be rustic

animus

powerful feeling of hostility or antagonism; hatred; an animating spirit

equanimity

composure and calm in stressful conditions; equilibrium

pusillanimous

cowardly; fearful

ether

the regions of space beyond the earth's atmosphere; the heavens; highly flammable liquid anesthetic

ethereal

spiritlike in lightness and delicacy; heavenly; celestial

diaphanous

allowing light to show through; translucent; delicate

epiphany

revelatory manifestation of divine being; revelation; flash of understanding of the true nature of something; (capitalized) a Christian festival Jan. 6

phantasm

phantom; apparition; something unreal, as in a dream or a vision

sycophant

a flatterer seeking favors or gain; a servile self-seeker

aspiration

strong desire for achievement; ambition toward a long-range goal; expulsion of breath in speaking

dispirited

dejected; discouraged; gloomy

hyperbole

an exaggeration; a figure expressing excess

hyperborean

far north; Arctic; very cold; frigid

hyperventilation

condition of taking abnormally fast, deep breaths

vent

an outlet; an opening for passage liquids, fumes, or sometimes air; to utter; to express, esp. in relieving strong feelings

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