having both masculine and feminine characteristics
god who ruled Egypt until he was killed by his evil brother Set - he then became the god of the underworld
god of the Nile
Osiris's wife and sister -reassembled her husbands body
Isis's symbol - its a cross with a loop above the bar
sun god - pharaoh is usually linked to him
young pharaoh that challenged the priests - he worshiped his own god Aton - his wife was Nefertiti - his ideas not a success
King Tut (Tutankhamen)
a minor king, son in law of Akhenaton, 18 years old and had a leg injury - placed in solid gold tomb
french Scholar who unraveled mysterious writing on Egypt's great monuments
Rosetta Stone; Greek, hieroglyphics, and demotic
flat, black stone has the same message written on both sides (3 languages) and what are these 3 languages?
the tale of Sinuhe
relates to the wanderings of Sinuhe - an Egyptian official forced to flee into Syria. he fights his way to fame among the desert people - as he gets older, he longs to return home - the pharaoh welcomes him back to the court - happy ending
preservation of the dead
ancient Egyptian form of writing using pictures
pictures that symbolize an idea or action
simpler form of writing for everyday use
plant that grows along the banks of the Nile
viewed as gods and closely linked to Amon Re
chief God of ancient Egypt ( sun god )
restructured Egyptian faith - towards monotheistic worship of his god Aton
What did Akhenaton do to Egyptian faith?
the beauty that has come
chief's wife; mother in law of King tut - famous fro her bust in a museum in Berlin
king tuts mother in law
1. your heart was taken across a lake of fire to be judged.
2. your heart would be weighed against the feather of truth
3. if your heart was lighter than the feather you had a pure soul and would live with Osiris
4. if your heart was heavier than the feather it would have to be destroyed.
Ancient egyptians believe that when you die....
it would be eaten by Ammit - part hippo, part crocodile, part lion
what happens if your heart is found guilty of sins according to Egyptian legend?
part hippo, part crocodile, part lion
what was Ammit?
what was part hippo, part crocodile, part lion?
they would live an afterlife similar to the one on earth and they would need some of it to survive
Why were people buried with their possessions?
process of mummification
brain and organs removed; the body was then filled with natron - (to dry out); then it was coated with resin and was wrapped
a chemical used to wrap the skin
whoever made the incision to remove organs - had to die
why and who would be killed during the mummification process on a phraraoh
King Tut; valley of the kings
famous pharaoh with many treasures inside his tomb; he was found in a very famous place called what?
own property, divorce, made textiles and perfumes - and could be Pharaoh
what were some women's rights in Egyptian times
to keep important records
Hieroglyphics used for what?
papyrus paper made from the stem
on what were writing recorded on?
it was able to decompose if exposed to moisture
what was a downside to papyrus paper?
who discovered the Rosetta stone?
Egyptian medicine relied on what?
the twelve month calender
what did the Egyptians do that was used today - a foundation