Chapter 10 Cell Growth & Division

15 terms by Jaclyn11Woddbury 

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Cell Division

Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.

Mitosis

Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides.

Cytokinesis

Division of the cytoplasm during cell division.

Chromatid

One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome.

Centromere

Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.

Interphase

Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions.

Cell Cycle

Series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide.

Prophase

First and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus.

Centriole

One of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope.

Spindle

Fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis.

Metaphase

Second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell.

Telophase

The third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles.

Anaphase

Fourth and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material.

Cyclin

One of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells.

Cancer

Disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth.

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