Whole Body Terms - Ch. 1-4

Created by mike02144 

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4 types of tissues

1. Muscle
2. Nerves
3. Epithelial
4. Connective

4 Whole Body Terms

1. Cell (cyt/o)
2. Tissue (hist/o)
3. Organs (viscer/o)
4. Systems

Cell

smallest functional unit of living matter

Tissue

groups of cells that perform specialized functions

Organs

groups of tissues that perform a special function

Systems

groups of organs that perform the many functions of the body as a whole

Name 4 systems in the human body

1. Cardiovascular
2. Respiratory
3. Urinary
4. Digestive

anter/o

front

ventr/o

bellyside or front

cervic/o

neck

crani/o

skull

dors/o

back

poster/o

back

hist/o

tissue

inter-

between

later/o

side

-plasia, -plasm, -plas/o

cell formation

thorac/o

chest

viscer/o

internal organs

What is the main function of nerve tissue?

sends electrical messages

What is the main function of epithelial tissue?

covers and lines structures cavities

What is the main function of connective tissue?

supports and binds fluid, tendons, bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fat (adipose)

What is the main function of the muscle tissue?

allows voluntary and involuntary movement

Ex. Voluntary = Skeletal
Ex. Involuntary = Cardiac and Visceral

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