opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767 and the Coercive Acts of 1774. Colonists would rebel, attack Loyalists, and rely more on homemade goods. United the country
Non-Intercourse Act 1809
reopened trade with all the nations of the world, except Britain and France
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States, passed July 13, 1787. The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
a legal theory that a U.S. State has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any federal law that a state has deemed unconstitutional
Orthodox clergymen who were deeply skeptical of the emotionalism and the theatrical antics of the revivalists
an English military and political leader who overthrew the English monarchy and temporarily turned England into a republican Commonwealth, and served as Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Orders in Council
series of legislative decrees made by the United Kingdom in the course of the wars with Napoleonic France which instituted its policy of commercial warfare.
method of nonviolent protest against laws or policies in order to force a change or secure concessions; it is also known as nonviolent resistance and is the main tactic of civil disobedience.
an orator and politician who led the movement for independence in Virginia in the 1770s. "Give me liberty, or give me death"
American rebels/ named after the opposition factions in Britain
the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another
Scots-Irish frotiersmen who protested against colonial elites (and massacared Naive Americans) of Pennyslvania and North Carolina
Pennsylvania; name given to the land William Penn recieved a grant from by the king
an armed conflict between 1634-1638 between the Pequot tribe against an alliance of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook colonies who were aided by their Native American allies
A Dutch General in charge of New Netherlands until the English took over in 1664 and he was also the directory general of the New Amsterdam colony but one of his great achievements was the protective wall on wall street.
: Was a king of Spain and was lord of the seventeen provinces from 1556 to 1581, he is also known as Philip the prudent, He took over the throne after Charles the V died and left a big debt to him and he turned the economy of Spain around and made the economy of Spain a thriving one.
She was the first African American poet, first born in Africa then brought to America and first African American to get her work published.
Were the first people to land and establish the Massachusetts bay colony, they were also separatist who thought that the Church of England could not be reformed and it was illegal to be a separatist to they left England
This treaty established a friendship with America and Spain that stated that America could not settle the North boarder of Florida, and Spain promised protection from Indian raids.
Was one of the first settlements of the new world and where the Pilgrims settled.
Married john Rolfe and married him to make a treaty and give the settlers food and peace.
Leader of the Ottawa and famous for Pontiac's treat and the proclimation of 0763 which the colonist did not like.
Rebellion that happened America that made the Indians angry because they did not want to be converted to Christianity.
When the people give an OK to be protected by the government and their military forces.
: This was an idea that political power is with the people who can do what they with the government like change it or abolish it.
Was the leader of the Powhatan confederacy and the leader of the Powhatan tribe.
: A group of Indian tribes led by the leader Powhatan.
Were efforts to try to convert Indians to Christianity because when the Indians came to trade they would force Christianity on them.
The idea that before you were born your fate is determined.
: A branch of Christianity branched off Calvinism, the Scots-irish were mostly Presbyterian.
Law that the first born son takes the families land and gold and every thing and his parents die.
: A person authorized by the government to steal and pillage but gives a cut to the king in turn for his actions.
Proclamation of 1763
Was an order issued by England to organize its new land in North America but the Americans thought of this as a needles restriction and ignored it.
An owner of a business or someone that is a property owner of such.
A restriction that was used to help American industry by raising the price of British goods.
Part of the Puritan bay colony that involved a serious commitment to the religion.
Is the reformation when Martin Luther nailed his declarations to the door of a church.
branch of Protestantism that is very strict that believed that they were the purist of all.
Also called Religious society of friends and got their name because they would get in touch with the spirits and begin to quake.
: A law that made Americans house British soldiers what they were atationed in America.
A city in modern day Canada and was ruled by the French founded by Samuel de Champlain.
Was the act that gave catholic french Canadians religious freedom.
The Aztec god who was said to come from the east with a white beard on a raft of snakes, who the Aztecs thought Cortez to be.
Renting a home or apartment out for full price and then increasing it.
This is the term used for decline in a government.
: A movement of two groups in which they attempt to establish the institutions of local government.
This a period of change and reform and the spread of an idea.
A term for women's roles towards America after the American revolution.
A form of government in which leaders are voted in to power but only for a period of time.
The period of time in which England is restored back to a monarchy and its origonal glory.
Revolution of 1800
: In the United States Presidential election of 1800, where Vice-President Thomas Jefferson defeated President John Adams. The election ushered a generation of Democratic-Republican Party rule and the eventual demise of the Federalist Party in the First Party System.
was an English writer and he is principally remembered for his efforts in promoting and supporting the settlement of North America by the English through his works.
Richard Henry Lee
was an American statesman from Virginia best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress calling for the colonies' independence from Great Britain.
. Irish born general who was formerly a part of the British army. He led the invasion of Canada in 1775, failed and died.
Robert de La Salle
: was also an English explorer who in order to check Spanish penetration into the Gulf of Mexico, floated down the Mississippi in 1682 and during his exploration he founded Louisiana and the Gulf, but failed to find the Mississippi Delta, and was murdered by his men in Texas in 1687.
Robert R. Livingston
was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States. He was often called "The Chancellor," after an early office he held.
Former Salem minister who challenged the legality of the Massachusetts Bay charter which caused him to be exiled. Through the help of friendly Indians, he fled to the Rhode Island area and established one of the most tolerant New England colonies.
an official document signed by the king and in the Old World it was used, mainly by Britain, to differentiate New World territories, into colonies belonging to the Old World countries.
was utilized four hundred sixty nine times in connection with 8,563 laws. People resented this because it was another example of how principals could weigh more heavily than practice in fueling colonial grievances.
period when the much-resented Navigation laws were only weakly enforced due to the civil war in England.
was the cousin of John Adams who lived for politics and was sensitive to the infractions of colonial rights. He appealed to his "trained mob." His signal contribution was to organize in Massachusetts the local committees of correspondence.
was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and earlier was a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland.
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain
It's the capital of the providence of New Providence which was discovered by Don Juan de Oñate. He was a cruel Spanish explorer that followed Coronado's path upwards. In the battle of Acoma in 1599, the Spanish suffered through injuries and later proclaimed the area for their king and named the capital.
They were the Savannah River Shawnee and were referred as the Savannah Indians by the colonists. The relationship between them and the Savannah Indians was very rocky once they ended their alliance and had a bloody battle before the Indians left to the country of Maryland.
: They were superb frontiersmen who escaped persecution and severe hardships by moving to neighboring countries and by immigrating to the diverse colonial America. They were said to be pugnacious, lawless, and individualistic, and they also managed to bring with them the Scottish secrets of whiskey distilling and dotted the Appalachian hills and hollows with their stills. They also had no love for the British government and had revolutionary thought of independence.
They were also a type of people that were influenced by the Protestant Reformation ideas and beliefs.
Queen Elizabeth's buccaneers and the most famous of them all was Francis Drake who plundered around the planet and returned in 1580 with his ship filled with Spanish booty and was later knighted on the deck of his ship
Second Anglo Powhatan War
During the Second Anglo-Powhatan War, the Indians made one last effort to dislodge the Virginians. They were defeated once again and a peace treaty ended the hopes of assimilation and banished the Chesapeake Indians from their ancestral lands.
Second Continental Congress: a convention that met on May 10, 1775 in which all the thirteen colonies were represented. They met to create a plan to continue fighting in the hope that the king and Parliament would consent to a redress of grievances
They were religious extremists, the purest of the Puritans, who wanted to break away from the Church of England
Seven Years' War
Also referred as the French and Indian War, were the British fought the French for the lands in the American continent with the help of the Native Americans.
The circumstances that led to Shay's Rebellion were the fact that backcountry farmers were losing their farms through foreclosures and tax delinquencies. These debtors demanded that the state issue paper money, lighten taxes, and suspend property takeovers. The problems were solved by a fight, in which Massachusetts raised a small army and murdered Shaysites.
Sir Edmund Andros
: Sir Edmund Andros was an able English military man, conscientious but tactless. He established headquarters in Puritanical Boston, generating much hostility by his open affiliation with the despised Church of England. He also created the autocratic Dominion of England which was overthrown and was exiled.
: Those were laws that restricted a slave from reading, writing, or any other type of educational belongings which were made in fear that the slaves would become more intellectual and more powerful than the whites.
is a system in which people are the property of others. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demand wages. It was an established system in the Old and New World, used for economic purposes and was rightfully abolished in America by the Emancipation Proclamation
Society of the Cincinnati
was an exclusive heredity order formed by Continental Army officers. The separation of church made the Anglican Church humble. It re-formed as the Protestant Episcopal Church and was everywhere disestablished.
Sons of Liberty
they took the law into their own hands by enforcing the no importation agreements against violators with a coat of tar or feathers. This was necessary because everyone that worked the tax machines resigned and there was no one to create stamps.
In 1588 the English and the Spanish Armada had a battle when Philip II of Spain amassed an Armada of ships that tried to invade England. The English sea dogs fought back and managed to drive the Spanish out with the help from a powerful storm.
Refers to certain islands of modern Indonesia, famed for their bounty of spices. They were very important to the European countries and it eventually led to the discovery of the New World.
Squanto was a Wampanoag who learned English from a ship's captain who had kidnapped him and helped accommodate the Native Americans and the English cultural differences.
A person who unlawfully occupies an uninhabited building or unused land.
: The Stamp Act of 1765 was a measure taken to raise revenues to support the new military force. It was necessary to certify the payment of taxes. The Stamp Act and the Tea Act also became controversies in the colonies due to the want for free will that was sparking the nation.
Stamp Act Congress
was formed in 1765 because the colonists decided to stand up against the stamp taxes given by Britain. It accomplished eroding sectional rivalries.
: at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a period of forced starvation initiated by the Powhatan Confederacy to remove the English from Virginia. The campaign killed all but 60 of the 500 colonists during the winter of 1609-1610
: in U.S. politics refers to political powers reserved for the U.S. state governments rather than the federal government. It is often considered a loaded term because of its use in opposition to federally mandated racial desegregation.
Strict construction is a legal term typically applied to a form of exacting judicial interpretation. The term is sometimes misidentified as "strict constructivism." The practice of strict constructionism requires a judge to apply the text of the law in a formalist way -- only as it is written. This means a judge or panel of judges must first obtain a clear meaning of the text. Once the text of a law is interpreted clearly, there is no need to draw further inferences from statutes of the law.