MVUSD 8th History CST Review
| Why did Stone Age people practice slash-and burn|
|to clear land for farming|
| Which development most enabled early peoples|
to form permanent settlements?
|advances in agricultural production|
| Hammurabi's Code of ancient Mesopotamian|
society was important because it
|listed the laws and the corresponding punishments.|
| The art and architecture of ancient Egypt were|
designed to emphasize the
|religious idea of eternal life.|
| Cuneiform and hieroglyphics were important|
achievements in the development of
| The Ten Commandments of the ancient|
Hebrews has had the greatest influence on the development of Western
|moral and ethical teachings.|
|Jewish scripture says that God's laws were delivered to the ancient Hebrews by||Moses.|
| Greece's mountainous terrain and its series of|
small islands influenced the ancient Greeks to develop
|a political system based on independent city-states.|
|Ancient Athenians valued individual participation in||political process of the city-state.|
| The legacy of ancient Greek myths and|
epics, such as the Iliad, continues to provide
|heroic figures and great adventures.|
| Ancient Greeks used myths about their gods|
|explain events in the natural world.|
| How did the rise to power and reign of|
Alexander most affect Greece?
|He ended the power of the city-states and established a unifi ed nation.|
| The Chinese people turned to the teachings of|
Confucius because his ideas were thought to
|restore order in China.|
| What was the main contribution of Emperor|
Shi Huangdi to China?
|He unified most of China under one government.|
| The origins of checks and balances in the|
U.S. political system can be traced to the
| The wars with Carthage (264-146 B.C.) gave|
the Roman Empire control of
| In the 700s A.D., Arabian merchants played an|
important role in
|spreading new technology among Asia, Africa, and Europe.|
| Which shows the importance the Mongols|
placed on improving trade contacts with other
|the establishment of caravan routes|
| How was paper|
introduced into medieval Europe?
|The Chinese introduced it to the Arabs, who passed it on to Europeans.|
| How did the location of cities in the West|
African empires of Ghana and Mali infl uence their growth?
|Their location on major trade routes allowed them to prosper economically.|
| Endurance, cunning, physical strength, and|
courage were the ideal characteristics of
| In medieval Europe, law and order were|
maintained by the
| During medieval times, which group|
was legally tied to the land?
| D uring the medieval period in Europe, the|
political power of the kings and great nobles
was often constrained by the actions of
|high Church officials.|
|How did the Crusades affect the economies of Central and Western Europe?||Cloth and spices brought back by crusaders led to greater interest in trade.|
|What deadly disease spread throughout Europe in the fourteenth century||bubonic plague|
| Which characteristic did Aztec and Incan|
|complex religious ceremonies|
| What was the main cause of the drastic population|
change in Central Mexico in the early 1500's?
|the introduction of disease by contact with Europeans|
| The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations each|
|complex architectural structures.|
| The stories from Marco Polo's travels|
encouraged Europeans to
|journey to Asia in search of wealth.|
|Who was given the title of "Renaissance Man" for his work as a painter, architect, mathematician, and inventor?||Leonardo da Vinci|
| The poems and plays of which person are|
representative of the English Renaissance?
| England became a Protestant country during|
the Reformation when its
|king declared himself head of the Church of England.|
|heretics||those who hold to a belief opposed to the established teachings of a church|
|Spanish Inquisition||An organization of priests in Spain that looked for and punished anyone suspected of secretly practicing their old religion instead of Roman Catholicism.|
| The findings of Galileo and Newton were|
significant because, from their time on,
scientific thought was based upon
|observation and experimentation.|
| The systematic collection and articulation of|
natural laws, such as gravity and motion, was done by
| The "Triangle Trade" and "Columbian|
Exchange" are terms used to describe the movement of goods between Western Europe, West Africa, and
| The Scientific Revolution contributed to|
Enlightenment thought by influencing people to
|believe in the power of human reason.|
|Which form of restrictive government would Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke most oppose?||dictatorship|
| What were both the Magna Carta and the|
English Bill of Rights designed to do?
|limit the power of the monarch|
| The Great Awakening of the mid-1700s affected|
the British colonies by
|encouraging greater religious enthusiasm and political independence.|
| One goal of the Declaration of Independence|
|explain why the colonists felt the need to be free from British rule.|
| In designing the legislative branch, the writers|
of the Constitution mainly based their ideas on the
| The Mayflower Compact (1620) was signifi cant|
in the political development of the American colonies because it introduced the principle of
| Which of these Founders favored a strong|
national government and a loose interpretation
of the United States Constitution?
| Which of these parts of the United States|
Constitution contains fundamental liberties of American citizens?
|Amendments 1-10 — Bill of Rights|
| Which of these groups most likely supported|
the political ideas and policies of Alexander Hamilton?
| Thomas Jefferson and his followers opposed|
Alexander Hamilton's tariff policy in part because they believed that high tariffs would cause problems for
| Shays' Rebellion of 1786 resulted in increased|
|revising the Articles of Confederation.|
| Which of the following acquisitions secured|
control of North America's longest river and essentially doubled the size of the United States?
| In his Farewell Address, George Washington|
urged the American people to
|value and maintain a sense of national unity and not create factions/ political parties|
| Conflict with Mexico became highly likely|
following the granting of statehood to
| What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine|
| to prevent European expansion in the|
| Which statement best describes the location|
of factories in New England during the early 1800s?
|They were located next to rivers.|
| During the 1800s, the movement of large|
numbers of immigrants from many different countries into large American cities resulted in the rapid growth of
|ethnic neighborhoods and crowded cities.|
| What agricultural invention, designed to|
increase production, had the effect of increasing the number of slaves needed for labor in the Deep South?
|the cotton gin|
| The growing importance of cotton to the South|
created an economy and a society dominated by
| The slave-based agricultural system in the|
South encouraged the development of
|a rigid social class system.|
| Prior to the Civil War, which group had the|
most political power in the South?
|"Go west, young man, and grow up with the country." This quote is associated with||Manifest Destiny.|
|By the mid-1800s, California was being settled mostly by people in search of||wealth from the discovery of gold.|
|The Indian Removal Act (1830) relocated thousands of Cherokees from Georgia to Indian Territory for the purpose of||making the land available for white miners and farmers.|
| While the American colonies were fi ghting a|
revolution against England and forming a new
nation, New Spain was establishing new settlements in California using what type of system?
| Who was the most important leader of the|
| The main goal of abolitionists like William|
Lloyd Garrison was to
|end slavery immediately.|
| Which state was admitted as|
a state as a result of the Compromise of 1850?
| What led the newspapers to speak of "Bleeding|
Kansas" in 1856?
|fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces|
| Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is|
similar to the Declaration of Independence in that both documents
|support the ideals of self-government and human rights.|
| What was the first major goal of President|
Abraham Lincoln's administration?
|to maintain the unity of the country|
| What is one reason that the Union strategy for|
defeating the South included a naval blockade of Southern ports?
|to prevent Southern efforts to sell cotton in Europe in exchange for war supplies|
|One goal of post-Civil War Congressional Reconstruction was to||ensure civil rights for former slaves.|
|During Reconstruction, the Freedmen's Bureau||established schools for former slaves.|
|The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States were intended to solve problems relating to||civil rights.|
|A large percentage of the immigrants who came to the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries settled in large cities because||the growing industries and jobs were usually located in cities.|