Ms. William's Biology #2

Created by RLKyes 

Upgrade to
remove ads

56 terms · Flashcards for the first review packet that we did in class.

same number of ..... but different number of ...

protons; neutrons

number of neutrons and number of electrons

atomic number

1st degree structure of proteins

primary

2nd degree structure of proteins

secondary

3rd degree structure of proteins

tertiary

4th degree structure of proteins

quaternary

monomer of carbohydrates

monosaccharide

polymer of carbohydrates

polysaccharide

functions of carbohydrates

energy, structure

examples of carbohydrates

starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin, peptidogylcan

elements carbohydrates are composed of

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen

monomer of proteins

amino acids

polymer of proteins

polypeptide

functions of proteins

transports, supports, metabolizes, defense, motion, regulation

examples of proteins

kerotine, actin, colegin, myocine

elements proteins are composed of

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

monomer of lipids

fatty acid and gylcerol

polymer of lipids

triglyceride, phospholipids, fats, oils, waxes

functions of lipids

stabilization, structure of membrane

examples of lipids

fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids

elements lipids are composed of

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen

monomer of nucleic acids

nucleotides

polymer of nucleic acids

DNA and RNA

functions of nucleic acids

ATP, bases of DNA

examples of nucleic acids

guanine, adenine, cytosine, thymine, uracil

elements nucleic acids are composed of

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate

what are nucleotides composed of?

phosphate group, pentose sugar, nitrogen base

what is the universal solvent?

pure water

examples of acids

stomach acid, black coffee, tomatoes, lemons

examples of bases

sodium hydroxide, household ammonia

hydrogen ions are what type of solution? (acidic or basic)

acidic

hydroxide ions are what type of solution? (acidic or basic)

basic

ability of water molecules to cling to each other due to hydrogen bonding. what is this?

cohesion

water molecules cling to other polar surfaces. what is this?

adhesion

water has this:

a high heat capacity

when H2O freezes, its volume increases. what is this called?

expansion

bonds within a water molecule

polar covalent

bonds between water molecules

hydrogen bonds

what is the pH of blood?

7.4

chemical reaction in blood:

H4 + HCO3

what is a chemical (or a combination of chemicals) that regulates pH to normal?

a buffer

something that speeds up a reaction?

catalyst

a protein that is a catalyst in human reaction?

enzyme

energy is being released? (type of reaction)

exergonic

energy is being absorbed? (type of reaction)

endergonic

energy needed to start a reaction?

activation energy

two atoms share electrons so each atom has an octet of electrons in its outer shell. what is this?

covalent bond

type of covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally?

polar covalent bond

type of covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally?

nonpolar covalent bond

the smallest unit of matter?

atoms

union of 2 or more atoms of the same element?

molecules

substances that can't be broken down into substances with different properties?

elements

substances having 2 or more different elements united chemically?

compounds

small molecule that is a subunit of a polymer?

monomer

macromolecule made of covalently bonded monomers?

polymer

a chemical process that combines severed monomers to for a polymer/polymeric compound?

polymerization

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set