A bloody rebellion during Easter week of 1916 which was led by teacher Patrick Pearse and Irish republicans with the aims of ending British rule in Ireland. The rising was suppressed after seven days of fighting and its leaders were executed.
Historical Figures/Events: Easter Rising
An Irish author who wrote The Dubliners. He wrote about the common experience and sometimes used stream-of-consciousness style of writing. He was known for being critical of religion.
Historical Figures/Events: James Joyce
A day of violence in Dublin during November of 1920. Fourteen British officers were killed by the IRA.
Historical Figures/Events: Bloody Sunday (first one)
Occurred in Derry Northern Ireland in 1972. Sometimes called the Bogside Massacre, it was an incident in which twenty-six unarmed civil-rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army. Thirteen demonstrators were killed by the British soldiers.
Historical Figures/Events: Bloody Sunday (second one)
The Democratic Unionist Party is the larger of the two main unionist political parties in Northern Ireland. Founded by Ian Paisley and currently led by Peter Robinson, it is currently the largest party in the Northern Ireland Assembly and the fourth-largest party in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The DUP has strong links to Protestant churches.
Historical Figures/Events: DUP
He was the leader of the 1981 hunger strike in the Maze prison in which Irish republican prisoners protested with the aim of being declared as political prisoners (or prisoners of war) and not to be classed as criminals. He died of starvation while on his hunger strike in May of 1981.
Historical Figures/Events: Bobby Sands
He was a hero of the Irish struggle for independence and the first Sinn Féin minister of home affairs. He fought with Harry Boland against England and then he fought against Harry Boland over Ireland's acceptance of the treaty Michael Collins signed with England in 1921. The treaty stated that Ireland should have dominion status within the British Empire; i.e. that Ireland could govern itself but remain within the British Empire. The six northern counties were to remain part of the United Kingdom. To Collins, the treaty was simply the start of a process that, in his eyes, would lead to full independence.
Historical Figures/Events: Michael Collins
He was a protestant politician born in 1846 and referred to as a "dead king" who could have brought home rule to England had it not been for his affair with Kitty O'Shea.
Historical Figures/Events: Charles Stewart Parnell
He is the president of Sinn Féin. Adams was an important figure in the Northern Ireland peace process.
Historical Figures/Events: Gerry Adams
He was a protestant minister and a unionist. He was elected the first leader of Northern Ireland.
Historical Figures/Events: Ian Paisley
A 1998 agreement signifying an end to the war in Ireland against British Rule and British presence in the country. Following the Belfast Agreement, a ceasefire and fragile peace is established.
Historical Figures/Events: Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement)
De Valera was a leader of Ireland's struggle for independence from Britain in the Irish War of Independence and of the anti-Treaty forces in the ensuing Irish Civil War (1922-23). He was the head of government from 1932 to 1948, 1951 to 1954 and 1957 to 1959 and President of Ireland from 1959 to 1973.
Historical Figures/Events: Eamon de Valera
He was the absurdist author of Waiting for Godot who lived from 1906-1989. He is a Nobel Prize winner.
Historical Figures/Events: Samuel Beckett
Generally Protestants who want Ireland to remain united with Britain.
Historical Figures/Events: Unionists
Generally Catholics who want an Ireland free from any influence from Britain.
Historical Figures/Events: Nationalists
Three sets of people whose convictions in English courts for bombings in the 1970s were eventually quashed. The Guildford Four, including Gerry Conlon, was convicted of bombings carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), and the Maguire Seven, were convicted of handling explosives found during the investigation into the bombings. All convictions were reversed after the innocent people had served many years in prison.
Historical Figures/Events: Guildford Four, Birmingham Six, and Maguire Seven
He was the author of The Picture of Dorian Gray who wrote of Victorian culture. He served time in jail after The Picture of Dorian Gray was used as evidence in court to prove he had an improper lifestyle.
Historical Figures/Events: Oscar Wilde
He was the satirical author of "A Modest Proposal"
Historical Figures/Events: Jonathan Swift
Existentialism emphasizes the lack of purpose of life as well as the uniqueness and isolation of the individual.
Historical Figures/Events: Existentialism
Aestheticism is the belief that one should live a life that indulges the senses. It is the belief that art has no moral point and beauty is the main ideal.
Historical Figures/Events: Aestheticism
A poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson in which a lady is a prisoner in a tower and must see the world through a mirror in her cell. When she leaves the tower, she dies and floats down the river.
Historical Figures/Events: "The Lady of Shalott"
He was the author of "Act of Union" and "Punishment."
Historical Figures/Events: Seamus Heaney