Leading killer in teens
Main underlying cause of death
measures the cost per ounce of different size products- this tells you what the best buy for your money is.
dishonest medical practices, products, or treatments.
A state of physical, mental, and social well- being.
physical, mental, and social
the way you live your life
factors that influence the length of your life
series of muscular movements that pushes food through the AC
Saliva contains amylase, an enzyme that starts the breakdown of carbohydrates
a unit of the energy supplied by food
an enzyme that starts the breakdown of carbohydrates
a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
20 feet in length. most of digestion and absorption occur here.
6 feet long. no digestion occurs here, but water is absorbed.
food goes through the Li too slowly
food goes through the LI too quickly
open sore on the skin or mucous
food poisoning- bacteria found in meat, poultry, and eggs.
a type of food poisoning- bacteria produces toxins (poisons)
acid backs up into esophagus
small fingerlike projections that increase surface area of SI- nutrients absorbed through these into blood.
main supplier of energy. end product= sugar
an eating disorder characterized by a large weight loss and unusual eating habits
an eating disorder characterized by unusual habits and bingeing and purging.
is a molecule that serves as the secondary long-term energy storage in animal and fungal cells
wax like substance that clogs blood vessels.
solid at room temperature. high in cholesterol- butter, lard, animal fats.
liquid at room temp. low in cholesterol- plant oils: corn, sunflower, olive and peanut .
Amino acids are important in nutrition and are commonly used in nutrition supplements, fertilizers, food technology and industry. In industry, applications include the production of biodegradable plastics, drugs, and chiral catalysts.
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) are necessary fats that humans cannot synthesize, and must be obtained through diet.
The major component in the rigid cell walls in plants is cellulose. Cellulose is a linear polysaccharide polymer with many glucose monosaccharide units.
candy, jelly, honey, (empty calories)
breads, cereals, grains, fruits, veggies.
s the inability to see well at night or in poor light
lack of iron
Appendicitis is swelling (inflammation) of the appendix.
The alimentary canal includes all of the organs in the digestive tract.
An enzyme is a protein molecule that is a biological catalyst with three characteristics
Ligaments are the fibrous, slightly stretchy connective tissues that hold one bone to another in the body, forming a joint.
connects muscles to bone
provides support and are used in edurance activities
used in quick, powerful movements
muscle whose action is normally controlled by an individual's will; mainly skeletal muscle, composed of parallel bundles of striated, multinucleate fibers.
a muscle that contracts without conscious control and found in walls of internal organs such as stomach and intestine and bladder and blood vessels (excluding the heart)
completely broken bone that breaks through the skin surface
partially or completely broken bone that stays within the skin
exercise through a full range of motion
no change in the length of the muscle
exercise that requires extra oxygen to finish
exercise that does not require extra oxygen to finish
maximum heart rate
220-your age= MHR
target heart rate
the rate you should work out at 70-80%
a waste product of muscular activity- leader to soreness after activity
amount of blood pumped into each beat of the heart
fluid filled sacs acts as a shock absorber
found on end of bones and as thin pads and in ears and nose
"ya gotta push ya self" system must be overloaded in order to stimulate hormone release and muscle development
How quickly back to resting rate
makes red blood cells
A weak spot in the abdominal muscles here the S.I pushes through
any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
similar to dislocation but bone is not displaced
a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse)
"growth plate" of the bone- area which bone grows in length
anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres
a major division of the vertebrate brain
lower or hindmost part of the brain
cell that carries messages throughout the nervous system
the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body
neurons that carry incoming information from the sense receptors to the central nervous system
neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands
a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
a simple, automatic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response
part of the nervous system that controls the "flight or fight" response
originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord
Central nervous system
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
Autonomic nervous system
the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle
petite mal seizure
lasts < 10 seconds
grand mal seizure
type of severe seizure with tonic-clonic convulsion
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
a progressive disease that destroys brain cells and is identified by muscular tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis
the folds in the cerebral cortex that increase the surface area of the brain
the two halves of the cerebrum that are connected by a dense mass of fibers.
Right brain functions
holistic, prosodic, intuitive, math-approximations, present and future, context and language
Left brain functions
analytical, verbal, logical, math-exact, present and past, grammar and vocab
that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying directly behind the forehead