gradual slowing down (abbreviation: rall.)
specifies how many beats are in each measure and which note value constitutes one beat
a sudden stress or accent on a single note or chord, indicated in the musical score by the marking "sf" or "sfz"
begin the note loudly, with a marked and sudden emphasis, instantly diminishing to a much softer volume
another term for Gong
is "any rhythm that involves dividing the beat into a different number of equal subdivisions from that usually permitted by the time-signature (e.g., triplets, duplets, etc.)
Poco a Poco
Little by little
An ensemble technique whereby an individual does not breathe during a passage while another member of the ensemble is breathing. The effect is that the passage sounds continuous without any breaks for breathing.
Is a term from Italian which means "sustained." It occasionally implies a slowing of tempo, though more often it refers to a very legato style in which the notes are performed in a sustained manner beyond their normal values.