Social Studies World History Chapter 10 Sections 2-3 Terms & People

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World History Chapter 10 Sections 2 & 3 Terms & People

Lay Investiture

Secular rulers usually both chose nominees to church offices & gave them the symbols of their office.

Interdict

forbids priests from giving sacraments of the Church to a particular group.

Sacraments

Christian rites

Heresy

the denial of basic Church doctrines

Inquisition

Holy office

Relics

usually bones of saints or objects connected with saints that were considered worthy of worship

Pope Gregory VII

1073 - 1085;

Pope Gregory VII

fought against lay investiture.

Henry IV

the king of Germany;

Henry IV

fought with Gregory VII

Pope Innocent III

during his papacy in the 13th century, the Catholic Church reached the height of its political power.

Hildegard Of Bingen

became abbess of a religious house for females in W. Germany;

Hildegard Of Bingen

one of the first women composers.

Saint Francis of Assisi

born to a wealthy Italian merchant family;

Saint Francis of Assisi

family captured, imprisoned, then became poor, lived in poverty.

Theology

the study of religion of God;

Theology

the most highly regarded subject of the medieval university.

Scholasticism

tried to reconcile faith & reason to show that was accepted on faith was in harmony with what could be learned through reason and experience.

Vernacular

the language of everyday speech in a particular region

Vernacular

Literature began coming out in this instead of Latin.

Aristotle

his works upset many Christian theologians;

Aristotle

arrived at conclusions by rational thought, not by faith;

Aristotle

some of his ideas contradicted the teachings of the Church

Saint Thomas Aquinas

made the most famous attempt to reconcile Aristotle with the doctrines of Christianity;

Saint Thomas Aquinas

best known for his Summa Theologica;

Saint Thomas Aquinas

posed a question, "Does God Exist?"

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