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zoology

the scientific study of animals

Hebrew

A Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people up until the Babylonian captivity. Nearly all the OT was written in Hebrew.

owph

Hebrew word for flying creature

zoologist

person who studies animals

taxonomy

The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms.

Lepidoptera

"scaled wings" - butterflies

species

group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring

kingdom

First and largest category used to classify organisms

Kingdom Animalia

kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals

phylum

the taxonomic group below kingdom and above class

Chordata

The phylum of the animal kingdom that includes vertebrates

vertebrates

animals that have a backbone

invertebrates

animals that do NOT have a backbone

Arthropoda

the phylum to which jointed-legged invertebrates belong, including insects, arachnids and crustaceans

Annelida

the phylum to which segmented worms belong

classes

the third-highest taxonomical category, below phylum but above order

Aves

class of birds

Mammalia

chordates; warm blooded, 4 chambered heart, hair and produce milk to feed young

order

the taxonomic category below the class and above the family

Arachnida

a large class of arthropods including spiders and ticks and scorpions and daddy longlegs; EIGHT LEGS

Insecta

Class of Arthropoda. 3 pair legs, 3 body parts. Up to 2 pair wings.Ex. Bees, Flies, Butterflies.

family

the taxonomic category below the order and above the genus

Latin

language used in naming organisms

binomial nomenclature

the system for naming organisms in which each organism is given a unique, two-part scientific name indicating its genus and species

Order of classification of living things

Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.
"Kings Play Chess On Fine Glass Sets."

lift

The difference in pressure between the upper and lower surfaces of a bird's wings that produces an upward force that causes the bird to rise

drag

The opposite force exerted on a moving body by a fluid such as air or water.

air pressure

the force air puts on objects.

airfoil

surface, such as a bird's wing, whose shape moves air faster over the top than underneath it, allowing for flight

thrust

upward pushing force, which is greater than the downward pull of gravity, resulting in an upward direction

aerodynamic

When an object travels through the air without much drag, it is called Aerodynamic.

variables

the different factors that can change in an experiment

average

the quantity found by dividing the sum of all the quantities by the number of quantities

habitat

natural areas where certain kinds of plants and animals live and grow

biome

a large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities

camouflaged

The ability to blend into a particular habitat so as to be invisible.

instinct

a behavior that an animal is born with and does not need to learn

fossil

the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past.

extinct

describes a type of organism that no longer exists anywhere on Earth

endangered species

A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future.

Carolus "Carl" Linnaeus

father of taxonomy, classes of Genus and Species

Daniel Bernoulli

Scientist. 1700's. Experimented and determined some basic principles of lift and drag.

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