Frederick Jackson Turner
United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
Dawes Severalty Act
1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres, tried to make rugged individualists out of the Indians, attempt to assimilate the Indian population into that of the American
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)
William Graham Sumner
He was an advocate of Social Darwinism claiming that the rich were a result of natural selection and benefits society. He, like many others promoted the belief of Social Darwinism which justified the rich being rich, and poor being poor.
English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
1864 massacre, where Colonel John Chivington and his militia slaughtered more than 200 cheyenne men, women, and children, who were trying to surrender.
Fetterman's army was led into wilderness and ambushed by Sioux, 82 soldiers killed, sparked public debate over Indian policy.
A chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
A chief of the Sioux whotook up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops.
George A. Custer
US general who commanded the army at the battle of little bighorn, he was killed
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Battle of Little Bighorn
A battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876)
Battle of Wounded Knee
The last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, subsequently described as a "massacre" by General Nelson A. Miles in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
A business leader who became wealthy through dishonest methods