Who were the Yevanim?
They were the greeks. They believed in physical beauty. Their goal was to perfect physicality.
Who were the Beit Chashmonaim?
A family of Kohanim who led the Jewish people in a rebellion against the Greeks, (Yevanim).
What did the Chashmonaim do after they won the war?
They wanted to rededicate the Beit HaMikdash by lighting the Menorah.
What problem did they encounter when it came to lighting the Menorah?
The found only one small pitcher of pure olive oil; enough to last one day.
What was the miracle with the oil?
It lasted 8 days.
How did the Rabbis respond to the miracle of the oil?
The established an 8 day long holiday.
According to the Gemorah, why do we celebrate Chanukkah?
Because of the Miracle of the oil.
According to Al HaNissim, why do we celebrate Chanukkah?
Because of the military victory.
The גבּורימ=personal physical strength
The חלשׁימ=physical strength is not priority
The רבּימ=strength in numbers
The מאטימ=one person can accomplish a lot
The טמאים=purely physical
The טהורים=knowing that people are not only about physicality
The רשׁעים=self absorbed
The צדיקים=knowing that it is important that we do for others
The זדים=lack spirituality
The עוסקי תורתיך=We want to come closer to Hashem
What is the part in Shmoneh Esrei that we recite Al HaNissim?
What is the purpose of the Al HaNissim prayer?
To shank Hashem for the miracles.(of the war)
What solutions can we have for the contradiction between the reasons we celebrate Chanukkah?
a. The Al HaNissim was talking about the difference between philosophies
b. The Miracle lasted for 8 days and that since it is above physicality we can see that Hashem is with us
After learning the Sugya, why do we celebrate Chanukkah?
To show that there is spirituality in a physical world.
The value of the thing one damages. (we see the different costs of the person in the slave market.)
The value of the pain and suffering one caused. (How much he would pay not to be suffering)
The cost of the medical treatment and therapy.
The amount go salary that the person lost because of his injury.
The amount to compensate the embarrassment that one caused. (how much he would pay not to be embarrassed.)
An act that happened through a person's negligence
An intentional act
An accidental act
An act that is beyond one's control
Just like it will apply here, it will apply there...(what...also)
It was taught
st/s1 that is probable to do damage
It is similar to
According to the Mishna, what is the general rule about damages that a person causes?
אדם מועד לעולם
Which words in the Mishna express how much you will have to pay for the damage you caused?
משׁלם נזק שׁלם
When is it the you are responsible for damage you cause while sleeping?
When they sleep in a situation where it is possible that he or she causes damage.
What are 2 specific cases discussed in the Mishna for which you would have to pay damages?
1.Break a utensil
2.Take out for friend's eye
In which seder can this sugya be found?
The prohibition of taking something used for the Beit Hamikdash for his own purposes.
A contradiction between 2 equal authorities
עשׁה לך רב
Make your self a Rabbi/Mentor
The Rabbis taught
he raised a contradiction
It is not a question
It is written
As the Pasuk says
what are the three basic categories for foods discussed in this mishnah? Brachot?
1. On the tree....בּורא פּרי העץ
2. On the ground....פּרי האדמה
3. Green vegetables.....פּרי האדמה....מיני דשׁאים
2 exceptions for brachot
bread and wine (Hamotzi and Hagafen)
According to the Britah, what are we not allowed to do? Who does the britah compare that to?
1. Benefit from the world without making a Bracha. 2. A person who does Meilah
How can you fix it? What will he do if we sinned already?
1. Go visit a wise person. 2. So we'll learn not to do it again. We learn from that to make ourselves a mentor/Rabbi
What proof does the Gemorah bring in that one shoe benefits from the world without making a bracha is stealing from Hashem?
לה הארץ ומלואה....The world and everything in it belongs to Hashem
What contradiction does ר לוי point out?
One pasuk says לה הארץ ומלואה and the other says השׁמים שׁמים לה והארצ נתן לבני אדם
(The heavens are Hashem's and the earth was given to man.)
How does the Gemorah resolve ran Levi's contradiction?
Before we make a bracha, the thing is G-d's, but after it is ours.
Which seder can this sugya be found in?
What is the point of saying brachot?
1. To show that we appreciate what we get
2. To build a strong relationship with Hashem
3. To show that we know that hashes gives us everything out of his kindness
יום טוב ראישׁון/שׁני
Te first day of yom ton is from the Torah, and the second was made by the Rabbis
מצוה הבּאה בּעבירה
A mitzvah done through an aveirah
to do a mitzvah in a beautiful way
מתנה על מנת להחזיר
A gift that is given on condition that it be returned
The Rabbis taught
Does not apply in this case
all is well
There is not
What to types of lulavim cannot be used according to our mishna?
a stolen or dry lulav
What does the gemorah infer from our mishna?
It only applies to the first two days of yom tov
Why would it make sense that a dry lulav is not kosher during Succot?
The Torah says that you must do the Arba Minim in a beautiful way
Which law regarding to a stolen lulav makes sense to the Gemorah?
The law that you have to own it on the first day of yom tov
Why can't you use a dry lulav on the 2nd day?
What is rabbi Yochanan's answer for the question?
It is a mitzvah done through an aveirah
How does the gemorah prove that r' yochanan is right?
It quotes a pasuk from מלכי א to show that Hashem does not accept mitzvoth that are done through Aveirot.
Regarding: A Korban
What is the benefit of doing הידור מצוה?
So Hashem knows that we care
In which seder is this Gemorah found in?