TMS CH 1 American Roots

20 terms by Johnfcfox5 

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direct democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

jury

a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law

republic

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

legislature

a group of people who have the power to make laws

colony

a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country

habeas corpus

the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment

bill of rights

a statement of fundamental rights and privileges people should have

cartographer

Mapmaker

Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)

plantation

an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale

capitalism

economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit

mercantilism

the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys

northwest passage

water route to asia through North America sought by european explorers

interest

a fixed charge for borrowing money

charter

legal document giving certain rights to a person or company

representative government

Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.

religious freedom

The right to practice your religion and change your religion.

subsistence farming

Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village

cash crop

Farm crop raised to be sold for money

debtor

a person who owes money

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