the Scientific revolution
a major change in European thought, in which the study of the natural world began to be observed throught careful, mythodical observation and questioning of accepted beliefe. this is what ignited the learning of many of the greatest scientists that we know of today. people also began to think for themselves and began questioning authority figures such as the bible
A Polish astronomer who proved that the Ptolemaic system was inaccurate, he proposed the theory that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the solar system.
the theory that the universe is just a series of spheres and the earth is at the center of it all.
Danish Astronamer who produced large amounts of astromatical data but believed that other planets rotated around the sun while the sun and moon rotated around the earth
Assistant to Brahe; used Brahe's data to prove that the earth moved in an elliptical, not circular, orbit; Wrote 3 laws of planetary motion based on mechanical relationships and accurately predicted movements of planets in a sun-centered universe; Demolished old systems of Aristotle and Ptolemy
Italian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist. His telescopes proved the sun is the center of the solar system and that the planets/moon move. He was persecuted for supporting Copernicus' ideas.
English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. His treatise on gravitation, presented in Principia Mathematica Philosophae Naturalis (1687), was supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.
English politician and writer, advocated that new knowledge was acquired through an inductive reasoning process (using specific examples to prove or draw conclusion from a general point) called empiricism; rejected Medieval view of knowledge based on tradition, believed it's necessary to collect data, observe, and draw conclusions. This was the foundation of the scientific method
17th century French philosopher; wrote Discourse on Method; 1st principle "i think therefore i am"; believed mind and matter were completly seperate; known as father of modern rationalism
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment
Decartes' method of reason. He believed that the world operated according to mathematical laws and that it could be accurately understood by using reason.
creating knowledge based on conclusions that may or may not be true
wrote "Leviathan" and believed people were naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish; he also believed only a powerful governemnt could keep an orderly society
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
A woman scientist who was of noble birth and wrote "Observations upon Experimental philosophy"
French philospher/scientist/mathematician who invented the calculator and worked with probability, conic sections. Famous in math texbooks for his "triangle" of numbers.
panics that erupted due to the superstitions of the scientific revolution.