The "Classical Era" In the west

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Persia

Empire in SW Asia created by Cyrus the Great and destroyed by Alex. the Great

Sparta

an ancient Greek city famous for military powers

Athens

a city-state in ancient Greece, The birthplace of democracy

Democracy

government by the people

Parthenon

temple in Athens built to honor the goddess Athena

Socrates

Greek philosopher; socratic method-questioning

Aristotle

A Greek Philosopher, Student of Plato, tutor of Alexander the Great

Erathosthenes

Calculated the circumference of the Earth.

Archimedes

Greek scientist, inventor, and mathematician

Rome

birthplace of the republic and senate

Republic

a system of gov... where leaders are elected by citizens to pass laws

Alexander the Great

Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley

Plebeians

lower class, usually small farmers

Patricians

the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners

"Rule of Law"

no one is above the law

Twelve Tablets

Roman law code

Pax Romana

a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180

Christianity

a monotheistic system of beliefs based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

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