s, p, d, f
Name the letters that stand for the sub orbitals shape in the electron configuration of an atom.
What is the term used when a solid turns into a gas?
What family of elements on the have properties of both metals and non-metals?
If the electronegativity difference is greater than 2.0, what kind of bond is occuring?
Which subatomic particle affects the isotope of an atom?
What group on the periodic table has a full electron shell?
Which property of elements tends to decrease across a period and increase down a group?
What form of matter has no definite shape or definite volume?
Do nonmetals have a high or low electronegativity?
What are protons and neutrons made of?
Stable atoms have a net charge of _______.
What is the common name for NaCl?
What is the phase change from a gas to a liquid called?
If the electronegativity difference is less than 0.5, what kind of bond is occuring?
Temperature and Pressure
What two factors affect phase change?
What type of ion do charged metals usually form?
number of electrons
What do the super script numbers in an electron configuration represent?
How many dots are in the electron dot diagram for Chlorine?
Forms of the same element which exhibit different physical properties are called what?
# of naturally occurring elements on the periodic table
The name of the point on a where all three phases of matter exist in equalibrium
The Boiling Point
What is the point at which a liquid starts to become a gas?
Gas to Solid
Deposition is the phase change from _______ to ________
pico, micro, deci, deka, mega, giga
Fill in the balnk: Smallest to Largest SI Unit Prefixezs: _______, nano, ______, mili, centi, ______, ______, hecto, kilo, _______, _______, tera.
How many valence electrons does a ^ -1
Down a group, ionization energy __________.
What family is Group 1 on the Periodic Table?
What is the lowest temperature in Kelvin equal to -273 deg C
Covalent bonds share electrons ________.
How many valence electrons does Oxygen have?
A molecule comprised of two atoms.
A physical combination of two or more substances where each substance maintains its own chemical properties.
The smallest particle of a substance which still displays the properties of that substance that may or may not contain just one kind of atom chemically bonded.
Two atoms of the same element with different atomic masses.
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is 2.0 or greater- one atom takes the other's electrons.
The distance from the center of the nucleus of an element to the outer edge of its electron cloud. This characteristic follows a trend on the periodic table
polar covalent bond
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms do not share electrons equally.
An element that has some characteristics of metals and some of nonmetals.
Without a crystalline structure
nonpolar covalent bond
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms share electrons equally.
The electrical energy present in an atomic particle. Usually categorized as positive or negative and, for an ion, is equal to the difference between the number of protons and the n
Two or more elements that have been chemically combined.
Symbols used to show how many valence electrons an atom has. Also called Lewis Structures
Forces that hold atoms together.
The center of every atom,containing positively-charged protons and neutrally-charged neutrons.
The neutral particle in an atom's nucleus.
The 18 vertical columns in the Periodic Table of Elements. Each element in a ____ has the same number of electrons in its outer shell.
The seven horizontal rows in the periodic table
A negatively charged ion
Four numbers that describe the "address" of an electron in an atom according to a mathematical model
Elements that are good conductors, are malleable and ductile.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0.- the atoms share electrons either equally or somewhat unequally.
Another term for energy levels. Rings around the nucleus of an atom in which specific electrons are most probably located.
The smallest particles of an element which still displays the properties of that element. Also known as building blocks of matter.
The elements on the right side of the periodic table, like sulfur, which tends to gain electrons.
The minimum amount of energy required to completely remove an electron from a gaseous atom or ion
Substance composed of only one type of atom
Negatively charged particle outside an atom's nucleus.
Negatively-charged particles in the outer-most electron shell of an atom
An atom or covalently-bonded molecule with an overall charge. These can form ionic bonds with others of opposite charge
Groupings of elements in the periodic table with similar - not necessarily the same period
A positively-charged ion.
Atomic mass of the compound Lithium chloride made with isotopes Li-7 and Cl-36.
Number of electrons in a Sodium atom.
Number of electrons in Ca +2
Number of neutrons in the most common isotope of Iron
Atomic number of the element that starts the Lanthanide series
Number of electrons in an atom of Boron
The number of protons in a mixture of one atom of Zinc and one atom of Gallium
Total mass of a mixture of two Helium atoms and one Argon atom.
Atomic mass of the isotope Ti-49
Number of electrons in two atoms of Arsenic
Atomic mass of two atoms of Sulfur (most common isotopes)
Number of valence electrons for Aluminum
Atomic number of Arsenic
Atomic mass of an atom of Copper with 34 neutrons
Number of electrons in a Thulium atom
Number of protons in two Titanium atoms
Atomic number of Cobalt
Number of electrons in an atom of Antimony
Atomic number of an element that is a very strong magnet. The element appears in the Lanthanide series.
Mass of the most common isotope of Helium
Atomic number of the metalloid in group 16 and period 5
Atomic number of Copper
Number of electron in a Fluorine ion with a negative 1 charge.
Mass number of most common isotope of Germanium
Atomic number of Carbon
Atomic number of Scandium
Number of protons in the ion Rhodium+1
Number of electrons in an atom of Titanium
Atomic number of the transition metal in group 6 and period 5
Number of protons in two Silicon atoms
Number of electrons in an atom of Phosphorus
Number of neutrons in the most common isotope of Silicon
Number of electrons in a Silver atom
Number of neutrons in the most common isotope of Magnesium
Atomic number of Hydrogen
Atomic number of the fourth nonmetal element in period 17
Atomic mass of a molecule of Cl2 if the atoms are the most common isotopes
Number of electrons in the 5th period Alkaline Earth Metal
Atomic mass of one molecule of the most common isotopes of the atoms in the ionic compound known by the common name of table salt
Atomic number of the 5th period Alkali metal
Number of protons in two atoms of Krypton
Number of valence electrons in Neon
Mass of a Sulfur atom that has two more neutrons than the most common isotope
Mass number of the atom Arsenic with 42 neutrons
Group number for Chlorine if Argon is group 18
Atomic number of Aluminum
Atomic number of Vanadium
Mass number of the most common isotope of Calcium
Mass number of the most common isotope of Zinc
Atomic number of the noble gas in period 5
Atomic number of metal used in the filament of incandescent light bulbs and having an atomic symbol that is the 23rd letter in the alphabet
Atomic mass of the compound CaO made with the most common isotopes of Calcium and Oxygen
Number of neutrons in the most common isotope of Nitrogen
Mass number of the most common isotope of Chlorine
The number of protons and neutrons in two atoms of the most common isotope of Phosphorus
Number of electrons in Co+2
Average atomic mass of Phosphorus
Atomic number of Niobium
Atomic mass of the most common isotope of Fluorine
Number of protons in two atoms of Selenium
Number of electrons in Sulfur atom
Atomic number of the metal Lu
Number of electrons (or protons) in Iron
Atomic mass of O2
Atomic number of Holmium
Charge on an ion of Magnesium with 10 electrons
Number of electrons in an atom of the transition metal in group 10 and period 5
Atomic number of the metal Tin
Atomic number of the fourth period noble gas
Atomic mass of the atom with 12 protons, 12 neutrons and 12 electrons
Number of protons in a Fluorine atom
Number of neutrons in the most common isotope of Potassium
Mass number of the most common isotope of Nickel
Atomic mass of the most common isotope of Potassium
Atomic number of the Alkali metal in the 6th period