(1769-1821) Son of a noble family of Corsica who became the supreme ruler of France. He had some early military successes and links to Parisian politicians and was named leader of the French army in Italy in 1796. After a series of Italian victories and a failed conquest in Egypt, he returned home to overthrow the old constitution of 1795. With help from his brother he established the consulate and became the first consul, then later would become emporer of France.
(1737-1809) Author of "The Rights of Man" tht was elected as a deputy to the French National COnvention in recognition of his writings in favor of the French Revolution. He narrowly escaped condemnation as an associate of the Girondins.
(1743-1803) A former slave in St. Dominique who was a prominent leader of the rebellion that led to the establishment of Haiti. Changed sides to the French afterward and was eventually appointed governor of St. Dominique. Was later arrested when Napoleon sent troops to regain the Island. Died in prison.
British admiral hero who destroyed the French fleet while it was anchored in Aboukir Bay.
The Rights of Man
Book by Thomas Paine that defended the idea of reform based on reason, advocated a concept of universal human rights, and attacked the excesses of privlege and tradition in Great Britain.
Haitian Slave Revolt
A period of brutal conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue led by Toussaint L'Ouverture from 1794 to 1804. It lead to the elimination of slavery and the establishment of Haiti as the first republic ruled by people of African ancestry.
Coup d'etat of Brumaire
General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French Directory with two other generals, replacing it with the French Consulate.
The new three man executive branch of the French government set up by Napoleon.
Second Partition of Poland (1793)
Fearing a pro-French Poland, Prussia and Russia divided up generous portions of Polish territory, but in response it ended up becoming even more pro-French.
Third Partition of Poland (1795)
After uprisings led by a few rebels were put down, Prussia, Russia, and Austria wiped Poland completely of the map.