midterm health terms...

134 terms by summersweethearts

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health

a range of states with physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social / family components

wellness

the quality of life that results from a person's health status; the maximum level of health

chronologicalage

actual age of a person, measured from date of birth

physicological age

estimated age from body's health and life expectancy

what is physicological age influenced by

-regular sleep
-not smoking
-regular physical activity

good samaritan law

-law for those who help unconscience adult / one unabble to give actual consent.
-protected from being sued as long as they aren't neglegent / malicious

gastric distention

-occurs when giving rescue breaths
-air goes to stomach instead of lungs

how to minimize gastric distention

-slow breaths
-reposition head

strain

tearing / stretching of muscles / tendons

sprain

tearing of ligaments at a joint

fracture

break, chip, crack in bone

symptoms of a fracture

-pain
-snap heard
-discolouration
-visable bone

RICE

R-rest
I-immobilize
C-cold
E-elevate

arterial bleeding

-bright red blood (oxygenated)
-will spurt

black out

-period of time that a person cannot remember due to extreme consumption of alcohol

ethyl alcohol

1 drink = 1/2 oz pure ethanol

examples of a drink

-1 (12 oz) can of beer
-1 wine cooler
-1 mixed drink

liquor control board

controls all sales of alcoholic beverages

al-anon

recovery program for friends or family members that have relations with alcoholics

al-ateen

recovery program for teens who are related or friends with alcoholics

cirrhosis

-when the liver is scarred
-usually from excessive drinking

nicotine

-stimulant
-causes premature death and addiction
-constricts blood vessels
-increasese bad cholesterol

carcinogen

somethign that causes cancer

carbon monoxide

-odorless gas
-formed with burning of tobacco
-takes place of oxygen on blood cells

chronic bronchitis

pressence of a common mucous-heavy cough

emphysema

-alveoli loose ability to function correctly
-lungs cannot inflate and hold air
-makes breathing harder, more breaths need to be taken

mainstream smoke

smoke directly inhaled into mouth and lungs of smoker

sidestream smoke

smoke from burning cigarette, cigar, pipe

smokeless

-chewed / snorted
-has nicotine
-increases oral cancer
-lead to leukoplakia
-cuts gum / mouth for nicotine to enter blood stream faster

leukoplakia

-abnormal cells in the mouth
-appear white
-can develop into cancer

drugs

a chemical substance that when absorbed into body, changes normal bodily function

drug use

-correct medical purpose use of drug
-appropriate amount of drug

drug misuse

-appropriate amount of drug
-wrong purpse

drug abuse

-taking illegal drugs
-taking drugs for wrong reason
-taking wrong amount of drug

OTC

-over the counter drugs
-nonprescription
-relieve signs / symptoms of illness

prescription

-need written medical order

FDA

-food and drug administration
-run by government
-monitors safety, effectiveness of drugs

Reye's Syndrome

-caused by aspirin
-usually fatal
-usually occurs in children under 15

creatine

-amino acid made in liver, kidneys, pancrease
-herbal suppliment
-does not need to be approved by FDA

doses

amount taken at one time

placebo

sugar pill

withdrawal

when someone stops taking drugs

physical dependence

-chemical change in body
-body needs drug to function

psychological dependence

-strong craving
-can occur without physical dependence

PCP

-hallucinogen
-causes bizarre behavior, sucide, violent acts

stimulants

-speed of central nervous system
-medically used to treat ADHD

narcotics

-depresses central nervous system, relieves pain

codeine

-narcotic
-prescription drug
-found in cough medicine

crude opium

from poppy plant

heroin

-narcotic
-injected
-white
-strong physical dependence

inhalnts

-chemicals
-effect mood / behavior
-most not controlled
-reduces / stops oxygen flow to brain

marijunana

-most popular US drug
-strong psychological dependence

THC

-found in cannabis
-psychological dependance
-helps reduce chemo therapy side effects and help treat glaucoma

hashish

concentrated resin of marijunana

marijunana possesion laws

-20 g = misdemeanor
-30 days in jail
-$500 fine

amotivational syndrome

-THC remains in body
-needs less to get high

sedatives

-depress central nervous system
-psychological / physical dependance

barbiturates

sudden withdrawal can result in death

hallucinogens

-interfere with senses
-causes hallucinations
-ex: LSD, PCP
-psychological dependance

flashbacks

sudden hallucination after not using hallucinogen for years

ecstasy

-acts like stimulant
-causes people to be sexullary irresponible
-common at rave parties

steroids

-related to hormones
-legal use = treat medical conditions
-illegal use = build muscles, improve athletic performance
-lead to liver damange, sterility, masculinization of males

coronary arteries

blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to heart muscles

vein

carries deoxygenated blood towards heart

artery

-carry oxygenated blood away from heart
-thick musclar walls

plaque

hardened deposists of fat

HDL

-good chloestrol
-takes fat out of body

LDL

-bad cholestrol
-high levels can lead to athersclerosis
-builds up in arteries

atherosclerosis

-when plaque builds up on artery walls
-worsens hypertention

embolism

traveling blood clot

thrombus

stationary blood clot

hemorrhage

-breaking of artery
-from aneurysm

aneurysm

-ballooning out of artery at weak point

coronary thrombosis

blood clot in coronary artery

benign tumor

-harmeless
-causes no purpose for body

malignant

-cancerous tumor
-may spread to other body parts

metastasize

spread of cancer

stroke

-caused by blocked, broken blood vessel in brain
-lack of oxygen to brain

symptoms of stroke

-loss of speech
-paralysis
-dizziness

heart attack

-when blood vessels to heart are blocked
-heart does not get blood

hypertension

-high blood pressure

fat

-provides energy
-helps store vitamins

calories fat per 1 g

9 g

saturated fat

-solid at room temperature
-raises LDL
-most unhealthy

carbohydrates

-main source of energy for body
-maintains tissue protein
-metabolizes fat

calories carbohydrates per 1 g

4 g

calories protein per 1 g

4 g

caloric intake / expenditure

weight gain / weight loss

obesity

when a person is over 20% of desired body weight

antioxidant

protects cells against oxidation

metabolisim

rate of food converison into energy

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder when a person starves themselves

bulimia

when a person binges and then purges

communicable disease

-caused by pathogens
-can be spread between living things

pathogen

microbes that cause infectious disease

vas deferens

transports sperm from epididymis to penis

structual defense examples

-cilia
-tears
-digestive juices

cellular defense examples

-white blood cells
-lymph nodes

inborn immunity

temporary immunity a baby has from mother's antibodies

gonorrhea

-infection of genital and uinary tract
-bacterial

gonorrhea symptoms

painful peeing

syphilis

-bacterial

gonorrhea symptoms

-chancres

gonococcus

bacteria that causes gonorrhea

spirochete

bacteria that causes syphilis

herpes

causes blisters, sores

HPV

-warts in genital area
-can lead to cervical cancer

chlamydia

-painful urination
-unusual discharge from penis or vagina

abstinence

refraining from sex

types of rape

-acquaintance: when a person knows rapist
-date: when rape occurs in dating situtation
-street: rape by stranger

most common type of rape

acquaintance

what to do if you are raped

seek medical attention ASAP

three C's in first aid

-Check, check scene, victim
-Call, call 911
-Care, start giving care; lifethreatening injuries first

why check the A, B, C's

-check for lifethreating conditions

method for opening airway

-tilt head back
-lift chin

why is the tilt lift so important

allows to check for breathing

what does the tilt lift do

opens airway

who are conscious choking chest thrusts performed on?

-adults
-not pregnant woment or obese people

rate of chest compressions during cpr

100 / minute

ratio of compressions to breaths

30 : 2

how far should you compress chest

1.5 - 2 inches

when do you stop giving cpr

-if advanced medical professions come
-aed starts
-you're in danger

how do you spilnt a body part

-in position found
-only if pain isn't caused
-above and below injury

best care for a disolcated finger

anatomic splint

how long do you apply ice

20 minutes on / 20 minutes off

how many hours do you apply ice

72 hours

how to controll bleeding

-cover with dressing, press firmly
-elevate above heart
-cover with nonstick bandaid

symptoms of shock

-disorientation
-rapid breathing
-dilated pupils

treatment for shock

-lie down / rest
-maintain normal body temperature
-make sure advanced help is on way

alcohol

depressant

bac

legally determines level of intoxication

alcohol laws on transporting, consuming, or possessing

all illegal under 21

DUI BAC limits

-under 21: 0.02
-over 21: 0.08

tests used to check BAC

-breathalyzer

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