Bio sem2 ch 1

Created by 15stevenherr 

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gregor mendel

father of modern genetics: a czec priest

hybrids

offspring from different parents

purebreds

offspring exactly like the parent

segregation

the alleles ability to separate

homozygous

purebred. ex. TT

heterozygous

hybrid. ex. Tt

3 to 1

ratio derived from a monohybrid cross

independent assortment

law that states one trait will segregate independently from different traits

genes control heredity and are inherited
genes may be dominant or recessive
alleles are segrated during the formation of gametes (law of segregation)
genes for different traits assort independently from each other

summary of mendel's work

test cross

helps determine an unknown genotype

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