Ancient Near East? time period and main points
(3500-300 BCE), emphasizes rulers power (hiearchy of scale) often reliefs with narratives(registers)
Egypt? time period and main points
(3500-300 BCE) funerary art with emphasis on afterlife/ka; emphasize power of pharoah
Aegean? time period and what are the 3 parts that make it up
(3000-1200 BCE) cycladic, minoan, and mycenaen
Cycladic? in what style and main points
In Aegean, abstract figurines of women, abstract triangles, cycladic is not mainland greece
Minoan? in what style and main points
In Aegean, Crete; frescoes; vases with curvelinear design; minotaur
Mycenaen? in what style and main points
In Aegean, focuses on architecture; corbelled arches, repousee masks, tholos
Greece? Time period and the 5 sections that make it up
(900-30 BCE) Geometric/orientalizing, archaic, early/high classical, Late classical, Hellinistic
Geometric/ Orientalizing? Main points?
heavily stylized human figures; abstract statues and pottery; kraters and amphoras
Archaic? Main points?
Archaic smile, idealized but not natural; very rigid but starts to show movement
Early/ High Classical? Main points?
Contrapposto, more realistic starts to show more movement, more realistic but still idealized, Perfection stressed in statues
of athletes; canon—Polykleitos' Doryphoros. Architecture stressed harmony/proportion: Acropolis
Hellinistic? Main points?
move away from idea of perfection; dramatic and emotional; more realism; not idealized
Etruscan? Time period and main points
(700-480 BCE) pre-Roman Italians; sarcophagi and mythological creatures. Architecture differs from Greeks, statues on roofline, porches with colonnade; used wood and terracota
Rome? Time period and main points
(750 BCE-330 CE) power and authority of Roman Empire; architecture merges Greek with Etruscan influences, uses concrete and arches. Pompeii—4 wall painting styles
Early Christian? Time Period and main points
(3rd century- 550) Jesus (especially Good Shepherd), Christian themes, and prefigurations; central plan versus the basilican plans; orants; mosaics and illuminated manuscripts
Byzantine? Time period and main points
(530-1453) FFFG (Flat, frontal, floating, gold); mosaics and icons (iconoclasm); luxury goods for private devotion; pendentives and squinches
Early Medieval? Time period and the 4 sections that make it up
(5th century-1024) Warrior lords, Hiberno-Saxon, Carolingian, and Ottonian
Carolingian? Main points
Revival of Roman and other classical influences, depicts Charlemagne as powerful imperial ruler, Westworks common in churches
Ottonian? Main points
emotional content; revival of monumental sculptures; alternate support system; galleries in naves
Romanesque? time period and main points
(1050-1200) Architecture/sculptures, radiating chapels, large apse for pilgrims, portals stress judgment themes, manuscript painting and weaving
Gothic? time period and main points
(1200-1300) Height and light, ornate, rose windows, flying buttresses; groin vaults and pointed arches; focus on salvation
What are the two different types of Gothic and what do they include?
French Gothic: Early, High, Rayonnent, Flamboyant
English Gothic: Decorated and perpendicular
Italy? Time period and main points
(1200-1400) maniera greca (byzantine influence), international style (S. Martini), altarpieces and Arena Chapel; beginnings of return on classicism
Northern Europe? Time period and main points
(1400-1550) oil painting, portraits, altarpieces, realistic dramatic, individualized faces; secular and religious
Name a nonwestern and western work for the theme: The Human Body in Art?
Nonwestern: Menkaure and Wife ( Egyptian), no sign of emotion, idealized, bodies not very realistic, shows marital status, no negative space between them;joint statues
Western: Virgin of Paris (Gothic) religious figures gave way to a tender and anecdotal portrayal of Mary and Jesus, Tender and sensuous look and feel of the body, exaggerates on the s-curve, face and body look pretty realistic
Name a nonwestern and western work for the theme: Objects related to religious ritual?
Nonwestern: aerial view of the Great Mosque (Islamic) hypostyle type of mosque most closely recalls the layout of Muhammad house in Medina, faithful gather here for the five daily prayers
Western: Pentecost and Mission of the Apostles (Romanesque) Tympanum of the center portal of the narthex of La Madeleine, light rays emanating from christ hands represent the instilling of the holy spirit in the apostles, lintel and eight compartment, the heathen wait to be converted, showing the power of Christ and how he judges the right and wrong
Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: Narrative in art?
Nonwestern: Standard of Ur (ANE) Rectangular box of uncertain functions, narrative relief using registers, found in royal cemetery, 2 sides peace and war
Western: Column of Trajan (Rome) Colossal freestanding column with a continuous spiral narrative frieze, tells the story of the wars in 150 episodes, band widens as closer to top, emphasis on power
Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: Sacred Spaces?
Nonwestern: Aerial view of the great mosque (Islamic) owes a devt to roman and early christian architecture in its plan and decoration, faithful gather here for five daily prayers, hypostyle type of mosque
Western: Temple of Athena Nike (Rome) Reference of victory, during athenian acropolysis, made of stone, ionic, celebrated Athena as bringer of victory
Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: How art conveys power and authority?
Nonwestern: Seated Khafre ( Egypt) made from diorite, actually looks like him, seated in a throne, shows power and authority, no negative space
Western: Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne (Early Med) 9th century bronze statuette of a Carolingian emperor on horseback, sought to revive the glory and imagery of the ancient Roman empire, depicts a crowned emperor holding a globe, symbol fo world dominion, wears imperial robes