AP ART HISTORY NOTECARDS

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76 terms

Ancient Near East? time period and main points

(3500-300 BCE), emphasizes rulers power (hiearchy of scale) often reliefs with narratives(registers)

Egypt? time period and main points

(3500-300 BCE) funerary art with emphasis on afterlife/ka; emphasize power of pharoah

Aegean? time period and what are the 3 parts that make it up

(3000-1200 BCE) cycladic, minoan, and mycenaen

Cycladic? in what style and main points

In Aegean, abstract figurines of women, abstract triangles, cycladic is not mainland greece

Minoan? in what style and main points

In Aegean, Crete; frescoes; vases with curvelinear design; minotaur

Mycenaen? in what style and main points

In Aegean, focuses on architecture; corbelled arches, repousee masks, tholos

Greece? Time period and the 5 sections that make it up

(900-30 BCE) Geometric/orientalizing, archaic, early/high classical, Late classical, Hellinistic

Geometric/ Orientalizing? Main points?

heavily stylized human figures; abstract statues and pottery; kraters and amphoras

Archaic? Main points?

Archaic smile, idealized but not natural; very rigid but starts to show movement

Early/ High Classical? Main points?

Contrapposto, more realistic starts to show more movement, more realistic but still idealized, Perfection stressed in statues
of athletes; canon—Polykleitos' Doryphoros. Architecture stressed harmony/proportion: Acropolis

Late Classical? Main points?

humanized gods, new canon Lysippos' Apoxymenos; S-curve exaggerated

Hellinistic? Main points?

move away from idea of perfection; dramatic and emotional; more realism; not idealized

Etruscan? Time period and main points

(700-480 BCE) pre-Roman Italians; sarcophagi and mythological creatures. Architecture differs from Greeks, statues on roofline, porches with colonnade; used wood and terracota

Rome? Time period and main points

(750 BCE-330 CE) power and authority of Roman Empire; architecture merges Greek with Etruscan influences, uses concrete and arches. Pompeii—4 wall painting styles

Early Christian? Time Period and main points

(3rd century- 550) Jesus (especially Good Shepherd), Christian themes, and prefigurations; central plan versus the basilican plans; orants; mosaics and illuminated manuscripts

Byzantine? Time period and main points

(530-1453) FFFG (Flat, frontal, floating, gold); mosaics and icons (iconoclasm); luxury goods for private devotion; pendentives and squinches

Early Medieval? Time period and the 4 sections that make it up

(5th century-1024) Warrior lords, Hiberno-Saxon, Carolingian, and Ottonian

Warrior Lords? Main points

luxury arts, interlace and animal style,small and portable

Hiberno-Saxon? Main points

interlace style, abstract illuminated manuscripts, Christian themes

Carolingian? Main points

Revival of Roman and other classical influences, depicts Charlemagne as powerful imperial ruler, Westworks common in churches

Ottonian? Main points

emotional content; revival of monumental sculptures; alternate support system; galleries in naves

Romanesque? time period and main points

(1050-1200) Architecture/sculptures, radiating chapels, large apse for pilgrims, portals stress judgment themes, manuscript painting and weaving

Gothic? time period and main points

(1200-1300) Height and light, ornate, rose windows, flying buttresses; groin vaults and pointed arches; focus on salvation

What are the two different types of Gothic and what do they include?

French Gothic: Early, High, Rayonnent, Flamboyant
English Gothic: Decorated and perpendicular

Italy? Time period and main points

(1200-1400) maniera greca (byzantine influence), international style (S. Martini), altarpieces and Arena Chapel; beginnings of return on classicism

Northern Europe? Time period and main points

(1400-1550) oil painting, portraits, altarpieces, realistic dramatic, individualized faces; secular and religious

Islamic? Main points?

religious based, but features calligraphy; zoomorphic figures prohibited

What is the sculpture that Polykleitos made that used the canon?

Doriophyros

What best describes the Standard of Ur?

Early example of historical narrative

Two structures associated with emperor Justinian?

Haugia Sophia and San Vitale

Migrator art from 6 to 8 centuries consists of?

weaponry and adornment

Which of the following employed concrete as a building material?

Pantheon (romans loved concrete)

Which style has a lot of Gold?

Byzantine

Name a nonwestern and western work for the theme: The Human Body in Art?

Nonwestern: Menkaure and Wife ( Egyptian), no sign of emotion, idealized, bodies not very realistic, shows marital status, no negative space between them;joint statues
Western: Virgin of Paris (Gothic) religious figures gave way to a tender and anecdotal portrayal of Mary and Jesus, Tender and sensuous look and feel of the body, exaggerates on the s-curve, face and body look pretty realistic

Name a nonwestern and western work for the theme: Objects related to religious ritual?

Nonwestern: aerial view of the Great Mosque (Islamic) hypostyle type of mosque most closely recalls the layout of Muhammad house in Medina, faithful gather here for the five daily prayers
Western: Pentecost and Mission of the Apostles (Romanesque) Tympanum of the center portal of the narthex of La Madeleine, light rays emanating from christ hands represent the instilling of the holy spirit in the apostles, lintel and eight compartment, the heathen wait to be converted, showing the power of Christ and how he judges the right and wrong

Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: Narrative in art?

Nonwestern: Standard of Ur (ANE) Rectangular box of uncertain functions, narrative relief using registers, found in royal cemetery, 2 sides peace and war
Western: Column of Trajan (Rome) Colossal freestanding column with a continuous spiral narrative frieze, tells the story of the wars in 150 episodes, band widens as closer to top, emphasis on power

Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: Sacred Spaces?

Nonwestern: Aerial view of the great mosque (Islamic) owes a devt to roman and early christian architecture in its plan and decoration, faithful gather here for five daily prayers, hypostyle type of mosque
Western: Temple of Athena Nike (Rome) Reference of victory, during athenian acropolysis, made of stone, ionic, celebrated Athena as bringer of victory

Name a nonwestern and western work for this theme: How art conveys power and authority?

Nonwestern: Seated Khafre ( Egypt) made from diorite, actually looks like him, seated in a throne, shows power and authority, no negative space
Western: Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne (Early Med) 9th century bronze statuette of a Carolingian emperor on horseback, sought to revive the glory and imagery of the ancient Roman empire, depicts a crowned emperor holding a globe, symbol fo world dominion, wears imperial robes

Who is the artist of Etienne Chavalier and St. Stephen?

Jean Fouquet

Who is the artist of Ghent Altarpiece?

Jan Van Eyck

Who is the artist of Virgin with Saints and Angels?

Hans Memling

Who is the artist of Merode Altarpiece?

Robert Campin

Who is the artist of Giovanni Arnolfini and his bride?

Jan Van Eyck

Who is the artist of Deposition?

Rogier van der Weyden

Who is the artist of The "October"?

Limbourg Brothers

Who is the artist of the well of moses?

Claus Sluter

Who is the artist of St. Anthony tormented by demons?

Martin schongauer

Who is the artist of Vigin and Child?

Jean Fouquet

Who is the artist of man in a red turban?

Jan Van Eyck

Who is the artist of Virgin and child enthroned with saints?

Duccio

Who is the artist of Arena Chapel?

Giotto

Who is the artist of Madonna enthroned with angels and prophets?

Cimabue

Who is the artist of Palazzo Della Signoria?

Arnolfo Di Cambio

Who is the artist of Pulpit of Bapistery?

Nicola Pisano

Who is the artist of Florence Cathedral?

Di Cambio

Who is the artist of Madonna Enthroned?

Giotto

Who is the artist of Annunciation?

Simone Martini

Who is the artist of Lamentation?

Giotto

Who is the artist of Peaceful City?

Lorenzetti

Who is the artist of Battle of Issus?

Philoxenos of Eretria

Who is the artist of Temple of Athena Nike?

Kallikrates

Who is the artist of Venus De Milo?

Alexandros

Who is the artist of Theatre?

Polykleitos

Who is the artist of Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game?

Exekias

Who is the artist of Apoxymenos?

Lysippos

Who is the artist of Aphrodite of Knidos?

Praxiteles

Who is the artist of Three Revelers?

Euthymides

Who is the artist of the Parthenon?

Iketinos and Kallikrates

Who is the artist of Doryphoros?

Polykleitos

Who is the artist of Athena Parthenos?

Phidias

Who is the artist of Diskobolos?

Myron

Who is the artist of Laocoon and his sons?

Athanadoros

Who is the artist of the LAst Judgement?

Gislebertus

Who is the artist of Bury Bible?

Master Hugo

Who is the artist of Amiens Cathedral?

Luzarches

Who is the artist of the Stepped Pyramid of Dsjoser?

Imhotep

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