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onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds

anoaphora

same words or phrases are repated throughout the poem

alliteration

constant sounds repeating at the beginning of words

consonance

repetition of consonant sounds

assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

cacophony

group of words have a harsh sound

euphony

when a group of words have a soft pleasing sounds

rythm

beats created by the sounds of the words of a poem

inverted word order

words of a poem are not in the usual grammatical construction

meter

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllablles

scansion

the process of marking the metrical pattern of a poem

free verse poetry

does not have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables

blank verse poetry

written in lines of imabic pentameter, but does not use end rhyme

rhyme

words that sound alike because they share the same vowel and constanant sounds

exact rhyme

uses words with identical end sounds

internal rhyme

a word inside a line rhymes with another word at the same time

near rhyme

an almost rhyme

visual rhyme

words look like they rhyme than sound different

rhyme schme

pattern of end rhyme

simile

a comparison of two or more things using like or as

metaphor

a direct comparison of two unlike things

extended metaphor

a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of a poem

symbolis

when a person, place, or thing or even that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for something else

denotation

literal defenition

connotation

emtoional suggested defenition

diction

how all the words in a poem sound together once placed against eachtoher
-high or formal
-nutral
-low or informal

dialect

language that reflects on a certain culture or time period

speaker

the narrator of the poem

idiom

an epression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression

personification

an non human thing given human like qualities

allusion

to refer to something

literary allusion

when one word of literature refers to another

historical allusion

when a work of literature refers to a historical event

biblical allusion

when a work of literature refers to a character or event in the bible

mood or tone

the speakers attitude that is revealed by the words she or he chooses in the story

imagery

language that appears to the senses of sound, touch, taste

hyperbole

exageration often used for emphasis

litotes

understatment

synecdoche

a part stands for whole or vis versa
ex. england won the world cup...(they won more than a cup)

apostrophe

an absent person or an inatimate object that is spoken too as if he or she was actually there

stanza

a verse that is grouped together

form

apperence of the words on a page

enjambed line

a line of poetry that runs over into the next line in the poem without punctuation

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