bones of the head (cranium or skull), neck (cervical vertebrae), and trunk (ribs, sternum, vertebrae, and sacrum).
7 cervical vertebrae
12 thoracic vertebrae
5 lumbar verteabrae
(sacrum and coccyx)
12 pair of ribs
consists of the bones of the limbs, including those forming the pectoral (shoulder) and pelvic girdles.
clavicle, scapula, sternum
hip bones (ossa coxae): fusion of ilium, ischium, and pubis bones, sacrum, and coccyx
bones of the upper limb
carpels (wrist bones): 8 bones: hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium, triquetrum, lunate, scaphoid, pisiform
bones of the lower limb
tarsals (ankle bones): 7 bones: talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuboid, 3 cuneiform b.
a living tissue, is a highly specialized, hard form of connective tissue that makes up most of the skeleton and is the chief supporting tissue of the body.
protection for vital structures
Support for the body and its vital cavities.
•The mechanical basis for movement.
•Storage for salts (e.g., calcium).
•A continuous supply of new blood cells (produced by the marrow in the medullary cavity of many bones)