AP Comparative - Mexico

Created by kevinahearn Teacher

PRI

The national government of Mexico coalesced into one single governing party; Party of the Institutionalized Revolution; dominant political party in Mexico; incorporated labor, peasant, military, and middle-class sectors; controlled other political organizations in Mexico.

PRD

Partido de la Revolucion Democratica/ Party of the Democratic Revolution. The center-left party that emerged after the 1988 elections from splits within the PRI.

PAN

The party's political platform is generally considered Centre-Right in the Mexican political spectrum. Since 2000, the President of Mexico has been a member of this party; both houses have party pluralities, but the party does not have a majority in either house of the Congress.

Multiparty System

A system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition.

Federal System

a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments

Sexenio

the six-year term that a Mexican president serves in office

Single Member Districts

electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office

Proportional Representation

An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.

Chamber of Deputies

The lower house of Mexico's legislature

CFE

Former (and corrupt) Mexican electoral commission

Camarillas

Political cliques that serve as networks of personal loyalty at the country's most elite levels.

Caudillos

independent leaders who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized national governments to impose their concept of rule; typical throughout newly independent countries of latin america.

Chiapas Rebellion

1994 Zapatista uprising, in the southern most state of Mexico, in response to the signing of NAFTA, intended to remind people of appalling conditions that still exist in Mexico

Corporatism

a political system in which interest groups become an institutionalized part of the state or dominant political party

PEMEX

Mexican Petroleum; a government agency that runs the oil industry in Mexico

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a pact that unites Canada, Mexico, and the United States in one of the world's largest free-trade zones.

WTO

The initials of the international body established in 1995 to foster and bring order to international trade.

Pendulum Theory

the idea that a developing nation goes through different political and ideological periods, swinging back and forth according to the ideas of the nation's leader at a certain time.

Porfiriato

the long period of rule by Mexico's Porfirio Diaz, 1876-1911, often cited as a prime example of neocolonialism in Latin America. Diaz imposed strict political control, encouraged European and US investment, and gave special influence to a group of positivist thinkers called Cientificos.

Mestizo

a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)

Vicenete Fox

recent president of mexico who was also president of coca cola

Import Substitution

a government policy that uses trade restrictions and subsidies to encourage domestic production of manufactured goods

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