AP Lit 5th hr. Poetry Terms Quiz Jan. 20th

29 terms by tartigrade

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alliteration

repetition of initial sounds

assonance

repetition of internal vowel sounds

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

cadence

pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; marked as two vertical lines in analysis

conceit

elaborate or exaggerated metaphor; ingenious or witty thought

connotation

associations or implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word

couplet

two consecutive rhyming lines, usually with the same meter

end-stopped line

poetic line that has a pause at the end, usually marked by punctuation

enjambment

when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning; also called run-on line

epic

long, narrative poem, told in a formal elevated style with a serious subject

euphony

language that is smooth and musically pleasant to the ear, literally "good sound"

foot

metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured, usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables

iambic

one unstressed, one stress (away)

trochaic

one stressed, one unstressed (lovely)

anapestic

two unstressed, one stressed (understand)

dactylic

one stressed, two unstressed (desperate)

iamb

one unstressed, one stressed syllable

measure

specified unit, such as a foot or a line

quatrain

four-line stanza

rhyme

repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, usually at the end of a line

feminine

a rhymed stressed syllable followed by one or more identical unstressed syllables (butter, clutter; gratitude, attitude; quivering, shivering)

internal

places at least one of the rhymed words within the line (dividing and gliding and sliding)

masculine

rhyming of single-syllable words (grade, shade); also in rhyming of words of more than one syllable when the same sound occurs in the final stressed syllable (defend, contend)

scansion

process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical patter of the line

sonnet

fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter

Italian/Petrarchan sonnet

divided into an octave, typically abbaabba, and a sestet (possibly cdedce, cdcdcd, cdccdc); usually octabe presents a situation and the sestet comments or resolves

English/Shakespearean sonnet

divided into three quatrains and a couplet, typically abab cdcd efef gg

trochee

metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented (barter)

volta

turn in the argument or mood of a sonnet, 9th line in Italian, couplet in English

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