Neurological/Respiratory

59 terms by AMTHOMAS

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use terms help to supplement studying for exam 3. Know cranial nerves. Know which lobe in the brain controls which specific function. I WILL TRY to have more information to assist you with for Exam 3.

-ia

condition

an-

without, not

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

esthesi/o

feeling, sensation

-phasia

speech

ataxia

Inability to coordinate voluntary muscle action

Aneurysm

Localized dilatation in the wall of an artery that expands with pulsation of the artery

brady

Slow

cerebr/o

brain; cerebrum

hemi-

half

-plegia

paralysis

neur/o

nerves

para-

near, beside, beyond

Thrombosis

Abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel

-phasia

speech

Agnosia

Inability to communicate; due a brain lesion

Decerebration

Extension posturing

Dysarthria

Difficult and defective speech due to a dysfunction of muscles used for speech

Central Nervous System

System of the brain and spinal cord

Chorea

Characterized by abnormal, involuntary, purposeless movements of all musculature fo the body

Homonymous hemianopia

Loss of vision in half of the visual field on the same side of both eyes

Peripheral nervous system

System of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and the autonomic nervous system

Unilateral neglect

Failure to recognize or care for on side of the body

Vertigo

Dizziness

Glasgow Coma Scale

An objective tool for assessing consciousness in a client

Neurological assessment

LOC, affect, aphasia,cranial nerves, muscle strength, movement, gait, tactile, pain sensation

Romberg Test

Assess balance

Nuchal rigidity

Stiffness or inability to bend neck

hemi-

half

hemat/o

blood

Calcium channel blockers

Causes dilation of blood vessels

Stroke preventions

Annual blood pressure check, decrease sodium and fat intake, check cholesterol levels daily exercise, no smoking , no alcohol

Hemorrhagic stroke

Head of bed elevated to decrease perfusion

Thrombolic stroke

Head of bed kept flat to increase cerebral perfusion

Cerebrovascular medications

Antihypertensive agents, anticoagulants, thrombolytics, antiplatelets

Thrombolytic agents

Dissolves clots: activase, streptokinase, urokinase, tPA

Alzheimer's

a progressive disease characterized by neurofibrillary tangles and plaque in the brain, lack of acetylcholine

Parkinson's Disease

Chronic, progressive disease that affect the brain area that controls movement

Lobes of the brain

Frontal, parietal, occipital , temporal

Temporal Lobe

Lobe that controls memory, hearing and speech perception

Frontal Lobe

Production of speech, intelluctual, motor control on the same side(ipsilateral)i is which lobe:

Parietal Lobe

Primary somatic sensory area of this lobe

Occipital

Control of vision, visual perception is by this lobe

Sputum

Diagnostic test that confirms TB

2 -Liters

Approxiate amount of Oxygen that is given to individuals who suffers from COPD

Respiratory droplets/airborne: coughing, sneezing, talking,

Places an individual at risk for Tuberculosis (TB)

Signs and Symptoms of TB

Night sweats, low grade fever, fatigue, persistent cough, weight loss, hemoptysis, enlarge lymph nodes, hoarseness, dyspnea, coarse crackles, chronic productive cough

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

TB Is an infectious disease caused by this

Malnutritious, living in crowded areas, HIV/CA patients, drug abuser, elderly, healthcare workers,

At risk individuals for Tuberculosis

Reddness, induration at TB site of injection

Positive for TB

Isoniazid, Rifampin, Streptomycin

First line drugs commonly used and effective for the treatment of TB.

Severe complications of TB

Pericarditis, meningitis, infection

Pleura effusion

Condition that has excessive fluid within its cavity; leading to the compression of lung tissue

Pleurisy

Painful condition that results from when the pleura or the sac around the pleura becomes inflammed,

Atelectasis

Collapsed lung, resulting when the bronchioles are blocked with secretions and the alveoli distal ruptures

Hemiparesis

Weakness on one side of the body

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of one side of the body

Carotid endarterectomy

Surgery to incise the carotid artery and removie plaque resulting in the increase of blood flow to the brain. Checking: airway, LOC, intact suture

Cocaine, Haldol, Thorazine

Drugs that can cause Parkinson's Syndrome

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