State, country, or nation where people elect representatives.
US became one.
Voting mostly only allowed to white male property owners- they had high qualifications.
When states created own consti. to run own state gov't representatively.
Set up during war.
Some had diff. branches to even out power, but all limited power.
Some had Bill of Rights.
Articles of Confederation
Our FIRST plan for national gov't approved in 177 by Congress, ratified in 1781 by all.
Most power to STATES, like control of western lands.
Nat. gov't would be run by legis. body called Confed. Congress, represented equally by states.
9 of 13 states to approve law, all 13 to amend.
Lands west of the Appalachians.
1776- Subject of debate in Congress about who would control it.
Articles left indiv. states to claim these lands, but smaller states complained, so states gave up claims.
Natioanl Legis. body formed by the Articles of Confed.
Each state had only one vote.
Officially gov't in 1781.
Powers granted to Congress under Articles
Declare war and make peace (and treaties).
Control Indian Affairs (west terri., foreign affairs).
Issue and borrow money(as can states).
Powers denied to Congress under Articles
Enforce national laws.
No draft soldiers.
No regulate trade.
Not really elected by people.
Ratification of AoC
1778- 8 states ratify, but smaller states unpset over claim disadvantage of NW lands b/c they were small and far, so didn't sign until claims were given to the nat. gov't.
1781- Last state Maryland signed- US had official gov't.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Law that established a plan by Congress for dividing the federally owned lands west of the App. Mtns.
Called for surveyors to stake out six-mile square plots(twnshps) in western lands.
Law that described how the NW territory was to be governed
Many democratic features- no slavery, religious freedom, open rivers, guaranteed trial by jury.
Bing success for C.C.
Bad for N.A.- More contact.
States admitted as EQUAL STATES.
Problems with Britain
Competed against American fur trade by refusing to leave mili. forts south of great Lakes.
Barred Am. owned ships from their waters in the Carribean.
Problems with Spain
Put barriers to Am. shipping in Carribean.
Argued over boundary of Florida.
Refused to allow Am. to use Miss. River or to deposit goods in New Orleans.
Uprising , this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Raided federal arsenal.
1787 meeting in which the US Constitution was created.
Meeting of 55 delegates in Philadelphia.
Had many disagreements over representations.
Voted for president.
Gov't system in which people rule.
Pushed by James Madison and James Wilson in Consti. Congress.
Who was missing from Constitutional Convention?