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Absorption

the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

Alimentary canal

digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus

Amphiarthroses

slightly movable joints

Anatomy

study of body structure

Anatomical position

erect, feet forward, arms at side with palms facing forward, head facing forward

Appendicular skeleton

the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs

Appositional growth

growth at the outer surface of a bone during endochondral ossification, resulting in an increase in the bone's thickness

Articulation

the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible

Axial skeleton

the part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs

Bilateral symmetry

the property of being symmetrical about a vertical plane

Bile

a substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles

Bursa

a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints

Chyme

a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum

Colon

the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum

Contralateral

opposite side

Deep

large in quantity or size

Defecation

the elimination of fecal waste through the anus

Diarthroses

freely movable joints

Digestive system

the system that makes food absorbable into the body

Duodenum

the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum

Eccrine glands

most numerous, important, and wide spread of the sweat glands, mostly on forehead, upper lip, palms and soles, not hair follicles, regulate temperature,

Endochondral ossification

Process of transforming cartilage into bone.

Epidermis

outer layer of skin

Esophagus

a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach

Fontanel

a soft spot in the skull where membranes cover the space between bones

Gastrointestinal tract

Long winding path from mouth to anus

Hematopoiesis

formation of blood cells

Homeostasis

process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment

Inorganic matrix

calcium phosphate: forms needle like crystals that are deposited around the collagen fibers of the organic matrix; accounts for most of the hardness/strength of bone in resisting compression

Integumentary system

the organ system that forms a protective covering on the outside of the body

Intramembraneous ossification

bone develops from a fibrous membrane

Ipsilateral

Same side

Ligaments

connect bone to bone

Melanocytes

cells that produce melanin

Menisci

Pads of cartilage that lie between the articular surfaces of the bones

Metabolism

set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes

Mitosis

cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes

Negative feedback loops

Self-corrective mechanisms in physiology, change in the body that moves conditions about or below a set point.---Keep internal environment stable. Ex: can't hold your breathe for a long time

Organic matrix

collagen fibers

Peristalsis

rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the esophagus into the stomach

Physiology

processes and functions of an organism

Positive feedback loops

A feedback loop in which change in a system is amplified.

Sebum

oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands

Suture

thread of catgut or silk or wire used by surgeons to stitch tissues together

Skeletal system

the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal

Superficial

being or affecting or concerned with a surface

Symphysis

a growing together of parts or structures

Synarthroses

immovable joints

Synovial joint

a freely movable joint

Tendons

connect muscle to bone

Vasoconstriction

narrowing of blood vessels

Vasodilation

widening of the blood vessels that allows for increased blood flow

Vertebral foramen

Canal through which spinal cord passes

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