The Great Depression and New Deal

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The Causes of the Great Depression (7)

1) textile, steel, railroad industries not profitable
2) mining, lumbering decline
3) auto, construction, consumer goods faltered
4) agriculture worst
5) farmers suffered
6) stocks rose, then plummeted
7) too few people held too great a share of the nation's wealth

Environmental Issues during Depression (5)

1) more and more farmers lost jobs while food prices dropped
2) drought struck the Great Plains
3) many farmers packed to California
4) some men left families, women tried to find jobs
5) children suffered health issues, railways after schools shut down

Supreme Court and New Deal Legislation (3)

1) strikes down NIRA, AAA- unconstitutional.
2) FDR purposes "court-packing bill". Congress, press protest.
3) Starting in 1937, justices retire, FDR appoints 7 new ones.

Women and the New Deal (6)

1) Francis Perkins, several women appointed to important government positions
2) lowered minimum wage for women
3) discrimination in workplace from men- working women took away men's jobs
4) a wife should not work if her husband had a job in 1936
5) women were rarely hired, if at all
6) WOULD NOT SUPPORT

African Americans and New Deal (6)

1) A. Philip Randolph organized country's 1st all-black trade union
2) 100+ African American appointed to key position in gov
3) Mary Bethune promoted opportunities for young African Americans
4) "Black Cabinet" helped FDR administration on racial issues
5) Elanor Roosevelt helped African American singer perform, gave African Americans hope
6) WOULD SUPPORT

Labor Unions and New Deal (6)

1) Wagner Act- union member liked better working conditions, increased bargaining power
2) donated money to Roosevelt's reelection campaigns
3) membership grew from less than 3 million- 10 million +
4) struggle for dominance in labor movement began
5) Committee (congress) of Industrial Organization organized industrial unions
6) WOULD SUPPORT

Wagner Act (3)

* National Labor Relations Act
1) replaces NIRA
2) protects right to join unions, collective bargaining
3) prohibits unfair labor practices

1930s "Depression" Culture- Movies (6)

1) 65% of population once a week
2) films offer escape from reality; show wealth, romance, fun
3) Gone With the Wind- perhaps most famous film of era
4) musicals- live action or animated- way to forget problems
5) comedies, realistic gangster movies especially popular
6) several films present New Deal policies in positive light

1930s "Depression" Culture- Radio (6)

1) 90% of households have a radio
2) families listen together everyday
3) dramas, variety shows play in evening
4) soap operas for homemakers broadcast in middle of day
5) children's shows after school hours
6) immediate news coverage becomes customary

Orson Wells

actor, director, producer, writer

FDR (6)

1) reformed-minded, project friendliness, confidence
2) formulates policies to alleviate problems
3) launched Hundred Days
4) gives fireside chats- radio talks explaining New Deal measures
5) law allowing production of some alcoholic beverages
6) second phase: more relief for farmers, workers

Hundred Days (2)

1) passes over 15 major New Deal Laws
2) Emergency Banking Relief Act permits Treasury Dept. to inspect banks

Treasury Dept (2)

1) decides which are insolvent, sound, or need loans
2) public confidence in banks revived

Farmers and New Deal

in the early 1940s, farmers may not have supported the New Deal but after Farm Security Administration, they may have.

Liberals and New Deal (4)

1) does not do enough to help poor, fix economy
2) FDR didn't do enough to socialize economy, end inequalities

Conservatives and New Deal (5)

1) New Deal used to control businesses, socialize economy
2) FDR made federal government too large
3) stifled free enterprise, individual initiative

Deficit Spending

spending more money that government takes in. funds New Deal

FDIC

* Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
1) insures individual banks accounts
2) regulates banking practices

SEC

* Securities and Exchange Commission
1) created to regulate stock market
2) regulates investment

New Deal

relief for needy, economic recovery, financial reform

Tennessee Valley Authority (3)

1) creates jobs renovating, building dams
2) creates electricity
3) prevents flood

CCC (4)

*Civilian Conservation Corps
1) public work jobs for young men
2) plants trees
3) builds hiking trails
4) fire lookout towers

WPA (4)

*Works Progress Administration
1) creates jobs
2) builds airports, roads, public buildings
3) women workers sew clothes for the needy
4) employs professional writers, artists, performers

Social Security Act (3)

provides:
1) insurance for retirees 65+
2) unemployment compensation
3) aid to disabled, families with children

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