A government led by officials who are chosen by the people.
Powers granted to the federal government.
Part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers.
Powers kept by the state governments or by the citizens.
Powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
Separation of powers
This is designed to balance each branch of the government against the other.
Powers delegated to the national government.
Declare war, maintain armed forces, regulate interstate and foreign trade, admin new states, establish post offices, coin money, establish foreign policy
Powers shared by the national and state governments.
Maintain law and order, levy taxes, borrow money, charter banks, establish courts, provide for public welfare
Powers reserved for states.
Establish and maintain schools, establish local governments, regulate business within the state, make marriage laws, provide for public safety.
Distribution of representatives among the states based on the population of each state
Population count taken every 10 years.
House of Representatives
This is the larger of the two houses of Congress, with 435 members. Representation is based on apportionment.
This is the smaller of the two houses of Congress, with 100 members. There is equal representation.
The political party that has the most members in the Senate or the House during a term
the party with the fewer number of seats in the Senate or the House during a term
Article II of the Constitution
Defines power of executive branch
35 years old
Minimum age for a President.
Presidential Term of Office.
vote to bring charges of treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors against a President.
A power a President has to cancel a law passed by Congress.
A command a President can issues which has the power of law.
Something the President can grant which will provide freedom from punishment.
The place in New York City where the first Congress under the Constitution met.
The President's department heads, or department secretaries.
Sandra Day O'Connor
First female Supreme Court justice
Article III of the Constitution
Constitutional Article that establishes the Judicial Branch.
They are appointed by life by the President.
This body can strike down a law as unconstitutional. They hear cases which were decided by a court of appeals.
Court of Appeals
A court with appellate jurisdiction that hears appeals from the decisions of lower courts.
This is the traditional number of justices on the Supreme Court. But, at times, the number has varied.
Leader of the Supreme Court.
First African American Supreme Court Justice
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
Only two presidents to be impeached. Both were found not guilty.
He resigned to avoid possible impeachment.
House of Representative members
Must be 25 years old, been U.S. Citizens for 7 or more years and serve two year terms.
Must be 30 years old, been U.S. Citizens for 9 or more years and serve six year terms.
Speaker of the House
Leader of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate
The leader of the Senate. The Vice President of the United States serves in this role. The V.P. can cast a vote to break a tie.
House Ways and Means Committee
Bills about taxes begin in this committee.