Anatomy 1st Semester review

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review mr allen gave to his class

The study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts is called

anatomy

the site where ribosomes assemble prior to their migration into the cytoplasm is the

nucleolus

which is not a serous membrane

the cutaneous membrane

which of the following relationships is incorrect

parietal pericardium- covers the outer surface

which is a connective tissue membrane

synovial membrane

the skin is a

cutaneous membrane

mucous membranes are located in the

lining of the stomach cavity

which of the following is a vital function of the skin

it converts modified epidermal cholesterol to vitamin d

although you get wet while swimming...tough protein..this is

keratin

which of the following has no blood supply of its own

the epidermis only

the hypodermic consists of

adipose tissue

caused by skin exposure to chemicals

contact dermatitis

tanning effect is protective due to

increased production of melanin that helps block uv light

which of the following is found in the dermis

sweat and oil glands

nutrients reach the surface of the skin through

upward diffusion of nutrients

finger-like upward projections of the dermis into the epidermis are called

dermal papillae

fingernails are

a modification of the epidermis

the secretions of the eccrine glands are

99% water, sodium chloride,...

the secretion of sebum is stimulated

by hormones, especially male sex hormones

sebaceous glands are important for

keeping skin and hair cells soft and flexible

inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands is

boils

physician estimates fluid lost in a burn victim by

using the rule of nines

which is an indication of melanoma

a pigmented spot that contains areas of different colors

male pattern baldness has a genetic switch that turns on in response to

age

the molecules that make the cell surface fuzzy, sticky, and sugar rich are

glycoproteins

the cell connections that allow substances to pass directly from one cell into another

gap junctions

which one of the organelles is studded with ribosomes and carries out protein synthesis

rough er

organelle uses molecular oxygen to convert and detoxify harmful substances like alcohol

peroxisomes

cholesterl is used in the cell membrane to

help make the membrane more fluid

two types of endocytosis are

phagocytosis and pinocytosis

a solution that contains fewer solutes than the cell is

hypotonic

once solid material is phagocytized and taken into a vacuole

a lysosome combines with the vacuole and digests the enclosed solid material

a cell loses water and shrinks

hypertonic

the phase of cell division in which chromatids are pulled apart and move to opposite ends

anaphase

the molecule that carries an amino acid to the ribosome for incorporation into a protein

tRNA

molecule made during transcription

mRNA

molecule that contains anticodons

tRNA

DNA segment that carries information coding for a particular amino acid is a

triplet

DNA replication occurs in

interphase

Goblet cells are found in

simple collumnar epithelium

not true of epithelial tissue

it has a good blood supply within it and is very vascular

which of the following is not a connective tissue

skeletal muscle

the epithelial tissue found in areas subject to considerable stretching is

transitional

the tissue that is usually well vascularized and has an extensive intercellular matrix is called

nervous tissue

the epithelial tissue found in areas subject to considerable friction and abuse

stratified squamous epithelium

tendons are

dense connective tissue

identify the issue that forms the subcutaneous connective tissue beneath the skin

adipose tissue

glands that secrete their products directly into the blood are

endocrine

the type of muscle found in the walls of hollow organs is

smooth muscle

the smallest unit of life

cell

the lymphatic system

picks up leaked fluids from blood vessels and returns it to the blood

the system that regulates water, electrolyte, and acid base balance of the blood is the

urinary system

muscular system consists of the

skeletal muscles

the ovary is part of which two systems

reproductive and endocrine

delivers digestive enzymes to the small intestine is

pancreas

not a necessary life function

nutrients

matched accurately with function

nervous system - responsiveness

survival need required to release energy from foods

oxygen

detects a change

receptor

negative feedback systems

operate in a way that the initial stimulus is shut off or reduced

thermostat of the brain represents the _____

control center

anatomical position

body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at sides with palms facing forward

which two orientation and directional terms have the same meaning in humans

anterior, ventral

occipital

posterior surface of head

the region that contains the naval is

umbilical region

which is not a ventral cavity

spinal cavity

section that divides the body on longitudinal plane left and right

sagittal

used to separate the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity

transverse

ventral cvity subdivision with no bony protection

abdominal

most important minerals stored in bones are

calcium and phosphorus

Vertabrae are considered____ bones, whereas ankle bones are considered_____

irregular;short

bone category usually cube-shaped

short bone

the periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by

sharpey's fibers

the presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates

bone length is increasing

the bone cells within lacunae receive nourishment from blood vessels through passageways called

canaliculi

a shallow, basin like depression in a bone is

fossa

anarrow slitlike opening on a bone is

fissure

the patella

sesamoid bone and a short bone

the canal that runs through the core of each osteon contains

blood vessels and nerve fibers

the small cavities in bone tissue where osteocytes are found are called

lucunae

what kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo

hyaline cartillage

a compound fracture can be described as when

the broken bone is exposed to the outside

a bone fracture where the bone is broken into many fragments is

comminuted fracture

fracture more common in children due to cartilage levels

greenstick

fracture that is common in osteoporotic bones is a

compression fracture

axial skeleton contains

the skull, vertebral columns,ribs, and sternum

the middle nasal conchae are part of

ethmoid bone

the foramen magnum passes through the

occipital bone

the hyoid bone is unique because

it is the only bone in the body that does not articulate with any other bone

there are __ lumbar vertebra; whereas there are ___ thoracic vertebra

5; 12

the atlas is the

first cervical vertebra

correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior

true ribs, false ribs, floating ribs

There are ____ pairs of true ribs; whereas there are ____ pairs of floating ribs

7; 2

the greater tubercle is located on the

humerus

the major portion of the coxal bone is the

ilium

not a feature of a synovial joint

fibrocartillage

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