is another name for Nathanael. He was a friend of Philip. There is not much about the apostle written down, but what is, is very important. It is said that he was martyred in the year 68 AD.
was one of the first apostles to follow Jesus. He is known for having introduced Jesus to individuals. It was said that he was hung upon a cross and while he was hanging on the cross, he was speaking of Jesus Christ. At first, no one believed him but then people started to. When they took him down he was already dead. He died on the last day of November 69, AD
(Simon)- was born in Betsaida. His job was a fisherman. His father was Jona and his brother was the apostle Andrew. Peter's faith was so firm that Jesus gave him the name of Cephas, meaning a rock. Peter died at the hand of the Romans in Nero's circus, 67 AD.
led Nathanael to Christ. He was born in the holy land. Philip preached in West Asia. Saint Philip suffered crucifixion according to tradition.
is Hebrew for twin. He refused to believe that Christ had risen until he had seen it for himself. Because of this episode, ever since then he has been known as "Doubting Thomas." It is believe that he died on the 21st of December.
(Jude)- was associated to the lord by a blood relationship. He was the cousin of the lord. He is one of the least known of the apostles. He only spoke once in the gospels. Some traditions say that he was martyred and his body was placed in a crypt in Saint Peter's Basilica.
Iscariot betrayed Jesus. In feeling sorry for his crime, he did not look for forgiveness through the one which he had done wrong. He ended up committing suicide.
was a fisherman. He defended the inclusion of the Gentiles into the Christian Church at the apostolic council. He died in 67 AD
is also called Levi. He was the brother of the apostle James the Less. He stayed and preached in the holy land for 15 years until the message was sent, then he went to Persia. Matthew was martyred in Parthia.
was the brother of the apostle James. His mother's name was Salome which is believed to be the sister of Jesus' mother Mary. John's brother James was one of the first apostles to die. John died in the 68th year after the lord's passion
James the greater
and his older brother John were called by Jesus while they were fixing their fishing nets at the lake. His feast day is July 25th. Saint James was decapitated by the order of Herod in Palestine.
James the lesser
was the brother of Jude. They were called to the apostleship in Christ's second year of preaching. His feast day is May 3rd. He was always faithful to God and never did anything sinful. Saint James was stoned to death.
another name for the book of revelation, the final book of the bible
From the Greek word okioumene, meaning "the whole inhabited world"
Describes any book purporting to be inspired but ultimately not accepted by the church as part of sacred scripture
An ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge
First sacrament of forgiveness of sins; first of the seven sacraments and the door that gives access to the other sacraments
The eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God
A specific gift or grace of the holy spirit that directly or indirectly benefits the church
The worship of God in heaven by the angels and saints, led by Christ the High Priest
Generally, the entire assembly of the faithful people of God
Keys of the Kingdom
In the old testament, the sign of the office of prime minister, who is appointed by the king to have primacy over all his other servants
Council of Jerusalem
Recounted in Acts 15, this synod of the apostles AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised according to the law of Moses
Greek for "witness" A witness to the truth of the faith in which a christian endures suffering and even death for Christ
The principal sacramental celebration and worship of the catholic church, established by Jesus at the last supper
A Jewish festival, fifty days after Passover, celebrating the giving of the law to Moses at Sinai
The bible; the canonical writings validated by the church as inerrant and inspired by the holy spirit
People of God
All the faithful from among humanity who seek and desire to know and love God
The churches teachings that have been passed down through the ages through the successors of apostles
Primacy of Peter
The position of being first in rank or authority
In its more specific sense, any individual who has died and been canonized by the catholic church, meaning that the person is known to be in heaven
The literal meaning of the name Peter, taken from its Greek name Petros
Vicar of Christ
Term used for the pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself