AP GOVERNMENT FINAL EXAM REVIEW True or False, Part 1

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It took the national government many years to implement just a fraction of the
bipartisan homeland security policies and programs.

T

Politics exists in part because people differ about who should govern and the ends
toward which they work.

T

Federal income taxes were higher in 1935 than they are today.

F

Most people holding political power in the United States today are middle-class,
middle-aged, white Protestant males.

T

Constitutional amendments giving rights to African Americans and women passed by
large majorities.

T

It is easy to discern political power at work.

F

The text suggests that, increasingly, matters that were once considered "public"
become "private," and beyond the scope of governmental action.

F

In the 1950s the federal government would have displayed little or no interest in a
university refusing applicants.

T

Much of American political history has been a struggle over what constitutes legitimate
authority.

T

Alexander Hamilton worried that the new government would not be democratic
enough.

F

Aristotle thought of democracy as the "rule of the many."

T

Everyone in the ancient Greek city-state was eligible to participate in government.

F

The New England town meeting approximates the Aristotelian ideal.

T

Some writers of the Constitution opposed democracy on the grounds that the people
would be unable to make wise decisions.

T

Democracy as used in this book refers to the rule of the many.

F

The Framers of the Constitution did not think that the "will of the people" was
synonymous with the "public good."

T

The Framers suspected even highly educated persons could be manipulated by
demagogic leaders who played on their fears and prejudices.

T

The Framers hoped to create a representative democracy that would act swiftly and
accommodate sweeping changes in policy.

F

People today have unprecedented access to information and consume more political
news than ever.

F

Majoritarian politics probably influence relatively few issues in this country.

T

Marxist theory sees society as divided into two classes: capitalists and workers.

T

C. Wright Mills included corporate, governmental, and labor officials in his power
elite.

F

Today, some would add major communications media chiefs to Mills' power elite.

T

Weber assigned a significant amount of power to appointed officials in the
bureaucracies of modern governments.

T

Weber felt that bureaucrats merely implemented public policies that are made by
elected officials.

T

Pluralists deny the existence of elites.

F

The bureaucratic view does the most to reassure one that America has been, and
continues to be, a democracy in more than name only.

F

A policy can be good or bad independent of the motives of the person who decided it.

T

The self-interest of individuals is often an incomplete guide to their actions.

T

In the 1920s it was widely assumed that the federal government would play a small role
in citizens' lives.

T

Who wields power—that is, who made a difference in the outcome and for what
reason—is harder to discover than who did what.

T

Political change is not always accompanied by changes in public laws.

T

The delegates to the Philadelphia convention were not popularly elected.

T

The American and French Revolutions of the late 1700s were both fought for the ideals
of liberty, fraternity, and equality.

F

The British Constitution was not a single written document.

T

Commonly listed among the natural rights to which colonists felt entitled were life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

F

Revolutionary colonists largely held that the legislative branch of government should
have a greater share of governmental power than the executive.

T

The eleven years that elapsed between the Declaration of Independence and the signing
of the Constitution were years of turmoil, uncertainty and fear.

T

Under the Articles of Confederation the national government levied relatively modest
taxes on the people.

T

The Articles required nine votes for the passage of any measure.

T

John Hancock was elected president in 1785 but never showed up to take the job.

T

There was no national judicial system under the Articles of Confederation.

T

George Washington and Alexander Hamilton were strong supporters of the Articles of
Confederation.

F

The Constitutional Convention lasted about one month.

F

The Pennsylvania state constitution was the most radically democratic.

T

Shays's Rebellion may have encouraged some delegates to meet in Philadelphia who
may not have otherwise.

T

Rhode Island refused to send a delegate to Philadelphia.

T

Most of the Framers of the Constitution were experienced in government and were in
their fifties or sixties.

F

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams did not attend the Philadelphia Convention.

T

The Constitution of the United States is the world's oldest written national constitution
still in operation.

T

The Virginia Plan appeared to favor the larger states, whereas the New Jersey Plan was
more acceptable to the smaller ones.

T

When the first decisive vote of the Convention was taken, the New Jersey Plan was
favored over the Virginia Plan.

F

The Great Compromise is sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise.

T

James Madison enthusiastically supported the Great Compromise.

F

The Great Compromise, which essentially saved the Convention from collapsing, was
directly opposed by, or not supported by, the votes of eight of the thirteen states.

T

The author of the Virginia Plan refused to sign the Constitution.

T

At the time of the Convention, most European systems spread authority between state
and national governments.

F

The power to declare war would be a proper example of an "enumerated" power.

T

The power to issue licenses and to regulate commerce within a state would be proper
examples of powers that are "reserved."

T

The Founders assumed most people would seek their own advantage and that some
would exploit others in the pursuit of self-interest.

T

James Madison, like Aristotle, thought that government had an obligation to cultivate
virtue among those who were governed.

F

The Framers considered the dispersion of power at both the state and federal levels to
be a kind of "double security" to the rights of the people.

T

To be in effect, the Constitution had to be approved by ratifying conventions in all
thirteen states.

F

The Constitution was initially rejected by ratifying conventions in two states.

T

The text suggests that many of the major fears and dour predictions of the
Antifederalists turned out to be correct.

T

Federalist No. 51 argues that coalitions in large republics tend to be less moderate.

F

The possible addition of a bill of rights was never considered at the Constitutional
Convention.

F

At the time of the Convention, most state constitutions contained bills of rights.

T

The Constitution did not contain a bill of rights originally, in part because the Founders
did not believe that the national government would be able to infringe on those rights
already protected in such bills.

T

The evidence suggests the personal economic circumstances of the Framers influenced
their decisionmaking more than the interests of the states they were supposed to
represent.

F

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