Religion Vocabulary Chapter 3

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20 terms · Mr. Pecks Ch.3 Religion Vocab.

Apocalypse

Another name for the Book of Revelation, the final book of the Bible, which is attributed to St. John and written during his exile on Patmos. This prophetic work in symbolic language was meant to encourage and strengthen persecuted Christians by foretelling the final victory of Christ and his Church over sin and evil.

Apocryphal

Describes any book purporting to be inspired but ultimately not accepted by the Church as part of Sacred Scripture (the Bible).

Baptism

The 1st of the 7 Sacraments and the door that gives access to the other Sacraments; first and chief Sacrament of of Forgiveness of Sins because the baptized Christ receives the remission of both personal and Original Sin. It incorporates a person into the Church, the Body of Christ.

Charism

A specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit that directly or indirectly benefits the Church. It is given in order to help a person live out the Christian life or serve the Common Good.

Council of Jerusalem

Recounted in Acts 15, this synod of Apostles AD 49/50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses

Ecumenical Council

From Greek oikoumene, meaning "the whole inhabited world." A formal synod of bishops (sometimes with other ecclesiastics) from the whole inhabited world convened to define doctrine, regulate the Christian life, or apply discipline in the Church. The First Ecumenical Council was in Nicaea in AD 325.

Gnostic

An ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge.

Heaven

The eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God; communion of life and love with the Trinity and all the blessed.

Heavenly Liturgy

The worship of God in Heaven by the angels and saints, led by Christ the High Priest, who re-presents the sacrificial offering of himself to the Father, thus renewing the work of our redemption.

Keys Of the Kingdom

In the Old Testament, the signs of the office of the prime minister, who is appointed by the king to have primacy over all his other servants; in the New Testament, Jesus gives the "keys to the kingdom" to St. Peter, indicating that he would be both the leader in this Church and Christ's own representative on Earth, or the first Pope.

Martyr

Greek for "witness." A witness to the truth of the Faith in which a Christian endures suffering and even death for Christ.

Mass

The principal sacramental celebration and worship of the Catholic Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished; also called the Eucharist or Lord's Supper. This name is derived from the Latin dismissal of the faithful, "Ite, missa est."

Pentecost

A Jewish festival, fifty days after Passover, celebrating the giving of the Law to Moses at Sinai. On the fiftieth day after the Resurrection, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given, and communicated to the Apostles, fulfilling the mission of Christ. This is the birthday of the Church.

People of God

All the faithful from among humanity who seek and desire to know and love God.

Primacy of Peter

The position of being first in rank and authority. The Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles bear witness to St. Peter's primacy among the Apostles.

Rock

The literal meaning of the name Peter, taken from its Greek form Petros. Jesus gave St. Peter his name to indicate that he would be the rock upon which Jesus would build his Church.

Sacred Scripture

The Bible; the canonical writings validated by the Church as inerrant and inspired by the Holy Spirit. Together with Sacred Tradition, it makes up a single deposit of the Word of God - the Deposit of Faith - a single gift of God to the Church.

Sacred Tradition

From the Latin traditio; the Church's teachings that have been passed down through the ages through the successors of the Apostles. Together with Sacred Scripture, it makes up a single deposit of the Word of God, Deposit of Faith, a single gift of God to the Church.

Saint

In its more specific sense, any individual who has died and been canonized by the Catholic Church, meaning that the person is known to be in Heaven. The members of the Church on earth, the People of God, are also called saints.

Vicar of Christ

Term used for the Pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself; from the Latin Vicarius, meaning "in the person of."

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