A crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers.
A medium of exchange (currency, which includes coins and paper bills)
Trading/exchanging of goods and services without the use of money
Buying a good or service now and paying for it later
A good or service owed to another
Money put away to save or to spend at a later time
The growing of crops and raising of livestock
What did Virginia's economy depend on as a primary source of wealth?
Tobacco, sold as a cash crop in England.
Virginia's leading cash crop- sold to England
A steady and inexpensive source of labor; slave labor
• African men, women, and children were brought to the colony against their will to work as slaves
What was needed for Virginia to grow tobacco successfully?
Colonists bartered with tobacco (few people had paper money or coins to buy goods and services)
What did colonists often trade with instead of money?
How many banks were in Virginia at the time?
• Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of salt water
• Unhealthy living conditions caused disease
• Fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings at Jamestown
List three reasons the capital moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg:
• Population was moving westward
• Richmond was a more central location
• Moving to Richmond increased the distance from attack by the British
List three reasons the capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond:
When people settle an area, they change the culture to reflect the beliefs, customs, and architecture.
• Examples include: barns, homes, places of worships (churches)
What was the culture of colonial Virginia?
English - Richmond
American Indian - Roanoke
List two examples of place names reflecting culture
Coastal Plain & Piedmont
Where did the English and other Europeans settle?
Shenandoah Valley primarily along the migration route
Where did the German and Scotch-Irish settle?
Coastal Plain & Piedmont
Where did the Africans settle?
lived throughout Virginia; after settlers arrived most were forced inland
Where did the Native Americans settle?
Moving from one location to another
What is migration?
People have to adapt old customs to a new environment
What do people have to do when they migrate?
The relied on natural, human, and capital resources to produce the goods and services they needed.
What type of resources did the people in colonial Virginia depend on?
food choices were limited; meals were made of local produce and meats
What food choices did the people of colonial Virginia have?
most people lived in one-room homes with dirt floors; some farmers lived in large houses
What type of housing did most people of colonial Virginia have to choose from?
households made their own clothing made from cotton, wool, and leather
What clothing choices did people of colonial Virginia have?
Most made their living from the land as small farmers, while a few owned large farms (plantations
How did most white colonial Virginians live?
Most worked on farms caring for tobacco, crops, and livestock. They had no rights
What was life like for most enslaved Africans in colonial Virginia?
Many owned their own business and property, but were denied most rights.
What was life like for free Africans in colonial Virginia?